Spring (March, April) and Fall (October, November) have nice average temperatures
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Spring (March, April) and Fall (October, November) have nice average temperatures
The Persian Garden: Dowlatabad
Wind Towers: Pending
Amir Chakhmakh complex although described not more than an entrance portal to the bazaar, this early 19th century tiled edifice was built to serve as grand-stand for the traditional passion play, TA’ZIEH, recording the martyrdom of the Shiite third Imam, and also provided an imposing entrance to one of Yazd bazaar. This stunning three-story facade of the takieh (a building used during the rituals to commemorate the death of Imam Hossein) is one of the most recognizable and unusual buildings in Iran. In front of the takieh look out for the huge wooden palm, nakhl, an important centerpiece for the observance of the Shiites’ passionate Ashura commemorations in the month of Moharram.
Not to be confused with the complex of the same name, but nearby and easily visited when visiting the more famous complex.
Alexanders prison, the tomb of the 12 imams which dates back to the early 11th century, has inscriptions inside bear the names of the twelve Shiite Imams, though none are actually buried here. It is now badly deteriorated. This 15th-century domed school is known as Alexander’s Prison because of a reference to this apparently dastardly place in a Hafez poem. The story goes that during the reign of Alexander the Macedonian, a number of Iranian elite resisting his domination went on an uprising in Rey (Near Tehran). He had them arrested, and on his way through Yazd imprisoned them in a dungeon which refers to a deep well in the courtyard of this building. There is a display of Yazd old city inside. The nearby 11th-Century brick Tomb of the 12 Imams is almost next door. The inscriptions inside boast the names of each of the Shiite Imams, none of whom are buried here.
The old city of Yazd, sandwiched between two deserts, this isolated oasis town offers the visitor one of the best examples of traditional Iranian mud brick architecture, and is an undoubted highlight of any visit to Iran. Yazd has always been an important commercial center on the caravan trail between Western and Eastern Iran and home to a prominent Zoroastrian community. The legacy of this rich mix is unforgettable and includes Zoroastrian “Towers of Silence”; The distinctive Wind Towers or badgirs which dominate the skyline; And some very beautiful Islamic architecture. Yazd known as the first adobe city and second historic city in the world which the best tourism attraction, historic and cultural heritage placed in it. Yazd city in some season hosting so many tourists that sometimes there are two times more than residents. From Narin castle, oldest adobe building in the world to world tallest windward and oldest mosque of Iran and historic residential texture are some monuments that each year attracts millions of people to this region. History of human settlement in this territory exceeded from third millennium BC. Historic texture of Yazd city is considered as Iran and human historic legacy.
Water Reservoirs of Six Wind Catchers, including water storage facilities that are dependent on subterranean water storage for use in winter and summer, have been used. Six ventilation water reservoir in a neighborhood of the same name is located in Yazd city. The large water reservoir Prhjm over 2000 cubic meters capacity, and two milk or had access to tap water reservoir which one to use for Muslims and other religious minorities are Zoroastrians.
A wind catcher is a high structure on the roof under which, in the interior of the building, there is a small pool. It is capped and has several directional ports at the top (traditionally four). By closing all but the one facing away from the incoming wind, air is drawn upwards using the Coanda effect, similar to how opening the one facing the wind would push air down the shaft.
The water reservoir is six funnel, three windward it was built from scratch and three others later windward of the accession, with little difference in accuracy on Tuesday funnel shape funnel with other Badgyrhay the old is evident. Six funnel water reservoir according to climate and wind direction in this region are sided figure eight. Tank height height louver louver beautiful architecture and materials used in Chinese brick entrance and decorative features of its proprietary water reservoir 6 ventilation that it has a great reputation. Total number Plkanhay the water reservoir 50, reservoir height, 6 / 12 m and height of funnel 10 meters.
Markar Historical Complex, this region from the past in remembrance of a nurse was named MARKAR and today due to many of monuments which are located around the markar square, is named markar historical complex.but in the center of the square is located a very beautiful clock tower which we had no permission to enter inside of the tower.the view of this tower in the night very differs from day view.
The Museum of Zoroastrian History & Culture in Yazd is located close to Markar Square and the Varahram Fire Temple. The museum has exhibits explaining Zoroastrian ceremonies, art, clothing, and food. There are mannequins in typical clothing and May photographs. The museum building is over 80 years old and is a pleasant space. The courtyard contains an abanbar or traditional Persian drinking reservoir.
Address: Markar square
Visiting Hours: 15:30-19:30
The Dowlatabad Garden, the residence of Karim Khan Zand, the former ruler with beautiful stained glass windows which was built in about 1750 and consists of a small pavilion set amid quiet gardens.The interior of the pavilion is superb with intricate latticework and exquisite stained-glass windows throughout. It is famous for having the highest Badgir (wind tower), 33m high (109 feet).
BADGIRS (Wind towers), any summer visitor to Yazd can hardly fail to appreciate the needed for cool air and for the proliferation of Badgirs (wind towers), constructed to fulfill the need. These ancient systems of natural air conditioning, which can also see in the towns and villages of the Persian Gulf coast, are designed to catch even the lightest breeze and direct it to the rooms below. All about the simplest towers, which ranges from standard two-sided models to more elaborate six-sided variety, consist of at least for parts: the body or trunk that contains the shafts; air shelves that are used to catch some of the hot air and prevent it from entering the house; flaps which redirect the circulation of the wind; and the rood covering. The currents that enter the house do so above a pool of cool water, thereby cooling the air, while the warm air continues its circular path, redirected upward through a different shaft. If you stand directly beneath a Badgir, the air is appreciably cooler, and while not quite as cold as modern air-con, it’s a whole lot healthier.
Chak Chak (Zoroastrian), meaning Drip Drip in Farsi is believed to be the place where Nikbanu, the Sassanian princess fled in AD637 after the Arab invasion. Short of water, she threw her staff at the cliff and water began dropping out. Chak Chak attracts thousands of pilgrims for an annual Zoroastrian festival between 14 and 18 June. This is the most important Zoroastrian site in Iran, about 72km northwest of Yazd. The Pir-e-Sabz Fire Temple cut into the cliff-side at the top has a wonderful brass door that’s embossed with the likeness of Zoroaster. Known as Pir-e-Sabz, it is the most sacred of the mountain shrines respected by Zoroastrians.
Atashkadeh (Fire Temple), the fire inside is said to have been burning since about AD 470. Visible through a window from the entrance hall, the flame was transferred to Ardakan in 1174, then to Yazd in 1474 and to its present site in 1940. Above the entrance of this building, there is the symbolic bird-man symbol of Zoroaster. One hand holds a ring, which symbolizes loyalty, while the other hand is held up to indicate respect. The wings have three layers of a feather, reflecting the Zoroastrian belief that you should think, speak and act decently.
Yazd Water Museum, there are lots of interesting information about the Qanat water distribution system. The museum is located at Kolahdoozha House, one of the most valuable traditional architectures of Yazd. There is a right place for the recognition of historic monuments in various fields related to water that can be used for researchers and enthusiasts. In this museum, you can see different materials for the excavation of Qanat, tools, and equipment to measure the volume of water, required equipment for lighting Qanats, some documents for the sale of water, different containers for keeping and carrying water and so many other valuable objects.
The museum has more than 200 historic objects related to the excavation of aqueducts or Qanats and documents related to the original Qanats of Yazd. Other features of this museum include having five stores and passing a string of one hundred year old aqueducts through it
Shohada Crossroads, Beginning of Qiam St.
8:00 am – 5:00 pm | Open every day
Location: Water Museum, Ghiam Avenue, Yazd
Heydarzadeh Coin and Anthropology Museum, coin and Ethnomethodology Museum is located in Yazd Arabzade House, it is in the oldest district of Yazd, Fahadan, where is near the Alexander prison. This museum is considered as the specific Coin Museum of the country which contains the collection of ancient coins (Gold, silver, copper, brass) related to 42 historical periods.
The collection of old banknotes from Nasereddin Shah Period to the present time, a collection of chains, brass and agate rings, war and cooking tools besides light instruments, are kept in this museum.
Address: Imam Khomeini St., Main Fahadan Pass, Across from the tourist police
Saturday- Friday: 8:00 am – 8:00 pm
Ayeneh Va Roshanaei Museum or Mirror and Lightning Museum, mirror Palace or (Museum of mirrors and lighting) with a total area of 81740 and an underpinning of 837, is located in a beautiful garden in Yazd city, Ayatollah Kashani Street, and opposite of Hafte Tir Park. This building has been the private inn of a rich man, made by Saraf Zadeh, in 1941. After the revolution, it was confiscated by the order of Mohamad Sadooghi, and it changed to the museum in 1377. The architectural style is traditional, European, including, rooms facing the pool, bedrooms, predominantly part, spring house, and services.
The building includes an atrium like hall, spring house a hall and some rooms connected to it. Occasionally, in the house spring the museums of Artist`s paintings, photography are exhibited. The painting on the wall and mirror, are the room`s decoration. The beautiful decoration consists of mirror work of ceiling, latticed doors, which all of them are made entirely by Iranian architects. The spring house`s painting was painted on canvas and then installed on the walls. The doors and windows are wooden and latticed with colorful glass. This museum is the only museum in the subject of light in Iran; It included a variety of fat burning, burning candles, oil burners and electric items. The objects in this museum are made of pottery, glass, brass, copper, and bronze.
Kashani St., Across of Haft-e Tir Park.
8:00 am – 2:15 pm 3:00 pm – 9:15 pm | Closed on Saturdays
Eagle Mountain is a mountain at 5 kilometers of the west of Taft, Yazd which truly looks like an eagle and also called as Eagle Mountain. Taft’s Eagle Mountain looks like a tired eagle from any angle you watch, which is set in the desert. This mountain is located at the west of old and historical Islamyeh village with about elevation of 2018 meters. Having limestone on a large scale, makes the Eagle Mountain with a myriad of holes on its body and it makes it as a permanent home of various animal species, and they use this place as their nests.
Dare Anjir Desert is located 32 kilometers from the historical Kharanaq Village. This desert is a unique destination for astrophotography and stargazing.
Shirkooh Mountain With an elevation of 4055 meters, Shir Kuh or Shirkuh (Persian: شيرکوه (is a high peak in the central part of Iran about 40 kilometers southwest of the city of Yazd in Yazd Province.
Geologically, Shir Kuh is made chiefly of Jurassic granite surrounded by Cretaceous rocks. It is located almost in the vicinity of the SahandBazman volcanic arc, a volcanic arc that was formed during the Tertiary and mainly in the Eocene volcanism. Shir Kuh consists mainly of intrusive rocks (Jurassic granite) that were made in the Late Cimmerian orogeny in the Late Jurassic. This mountain is located in the SanandajSirjan geological and structural zone. SanandajSirjan was subjected to magmatism and metamorphism in the Paleozoic and Mesozoic. This section along with other Iranian microplates were separated from Gondwana in the Carboniferous (when magmatism was caused by rifting and the process of detachment) and moved northwards. From the Early Jurassic to the Middle Miocene SanandajSirjan was adjacent to a subduction zone and there was magmatism because of the subduction zone which was situated in the south and southwest of this structural zone. Consequently, in the Late Jurassic, SanandajSirjan region was subjected to the magmatism of the Late Cimmerian orogeny in the form of both volcanism and plutonism. Shir Kuh was formed as a result of the plutonium of this orogenic phase. Having a high elevation, Shir Kuh and its neighborhood have a cold mountain climate although the region is placed in a location that is surrounded by a hot semidesert climate.
The confectioners of Yazd keep their recipes very secret and many have been passed down through several generations. In fact, the recipes of confections are family secrets that are jealously guarded. Some famous confections in Yazd are Baghlava, Ghottab, Pashmak, Haji-Badam, Sohan and so on.
Baklava is traditional Mediterranean treat using phyllo dough. The filling varies from ground walnuts to almonds or pistachios. Greeks use the honey syrup to sweeten their baklava while the Persians use rose water syrup.
Qutab is an almond-filled, deep-fried Persian pastry. It’s prepared with flour, almonds, icing sugar, vegetable oil, and cardamom. Some versions of Qotab may contain other ingredients since most of the best recipes are family secrets that are jealously guarded. Qotab is one of three types of sweets (shirini) that the Iranian city of Yazd is famous for producing.
This small almond cookies or cakes is a traditional Persian (Yazdi) pastry. Almonds are rich in vitamin E, calcium, magnesium, and potassium. Additionally, almonds are a significant source of protein and fiber. Almonds reduce the risk of heart disease they are beneficial for maintaining a healthy weight.
Yazdi Cup Cakes
Yazdi Cup Cake is a local confection baked in Yazd province which is used for religious ceremonies.
Carpet and Rug Weaving, in 1996, there were 65000 carpets weaving looms at work across Yazd province and some 30,000 weavers were engaged in this old artistic and economic activity. Five square meters of carpet is woven by each weaver per year. Carpets are usually made in 3×4, 2.5×3.5, 2.5×2.5, and 1×1 sizes (in meter). Other sizes, however, may be woven according to the client’s order. “Herati”, “Fish”, “Forest Lord” and “Kermanian” are the main designs of Yazd carpets. Yazd rugs have asymmetrical (Persian) knots with three wefts. The number of knots in square inch is much lower than Isfahan and Nain rugs, but the pile is softer and longer. The quality of the wool which is from the local is fine and the natural dye makes the rug look lustrous. In the desert surrounding the city of Yazd, madder is cultivated and its root is used for different shades of deep and light red. Some of the designs look like Kashan with one big centered medallion. Other designs resemble Kerman rugs with open field background and floral borders derived from the book covers. There are some other geometrical as well as curvilinear designs which resemble one of Kashan or Kerman patterns such as “East London” design. It is common to make room-size carpets in Yazd.
Termeh is a gorgeous silk fabric whose warp is silk thread and its pick is colorful silk, cotton and woolen threads. In olden days, people made Termeh by hand, because of which Termeh was known as “finger-woven fabric”. This gorgeous soft fabric is world famous for its patterns, especially an aigrette-like design (Boteh), tuft-like design (Jegheh), hart’s horn design (Shakh-e Gavazni) and rose-like design (Gol-e Mohammadi). Yazd City is renowned for its 400-year old industry of Termeh weaving.
Saryazd means ‘head of Yazd’ and its two recently restored caravanserais were the last stop before Yazd on the famous trade route from the east. About 6km east of the highway, the now-sleepy village is best known for its well-preserved Sassanid Fortress, which was once used to protect grains, valuables, and people from attackers. It has two main concentric walls and high towers and is surrounded by a moat (now empty).
When you enter the area, you go up the stairs. There are 106 steps about 23 ft. wide. At the top of the stairs, the first thing you see is Xerxes Gateway with three separate doors and a hallway. The remaining doors are covered with inscriptions and carvings in ancient languages. To the east, you can see the double headed eagles.
To the south of gateway, look for the Apadana Palace (audience hall) where kings received visitors and celebrated Norwz (the Persian New Year). Persepolis was occupied only on great occasions of national importance. There are almost no signs of daily wear. Persepolis was used as a setting for an invocation by the whole nation, led by the divinely invested King, by the grace of the Great God Ahura-Mazda, overcame all enemies and established a world empire which was planned to bring peace, order, and prosperity into a chaotic world. Darius declared, “I am one who loves righteousness and hates iniquity… It is not my will that the strong should oppress the weak… God’s plan for the earth is not turmoil but peace, prosperity, and good government.” And for a while this part of the world enjoyed such.
The Court of Apadana was made from material from nearby mountains. The Central Hall was supported by 36 stone columns, each 20m high. Double headed bulls that decorate stairways each represent ancient nationalities. Look for Darius Palace, behind Central Hall connected by a stairway. Palace of 100 columns was the largest hall in Persepolis which Darius I used for reception and meetings with his army commanders.
To the east, carved in the mountain see Tomb of Artaxerxes II.
The Persepolis Museum displays ceramic, carvings, clothes and coins discovered there and in a city nearby. There is uncertainty whether the museum building was the harem of Xeres or the Queen’s palace. In a separate complex next to Persepolis was the Treasury consisting of halls covering over 10,000 sq. meters. Found at the Treasury were stone and clay tablets written in Akkadian and Elamite that gave details of the economy of Persepolis. Records of wages paid, hours worked, and vacation. Women were paid the same as men for the same work and were given paid maternity leave. Unlike most large construction projects in the old world, Persepolis was not built by slaves. The workers lived off-site and enjoyed a comfortable lifestyle. It is unknown as to how many people lived in and around Persepolis, but it is guessed to be in the thousands or tens of thousands. Since the entire project was over a 150-year time span there were at least six generations of workers born, worked and died during the life of the project.
Shah Abbasi Caravansary, in Safavid era, Shah Abbas started building several caravansaries to promote trade and business. This spacious one used to be near the old town of Meybod.
This area was the first capital of Achaemenian Empire and covers 1.6 sq.km. It is located about 87km. northeast of Persepolis. During the Islamic conquest of Iran, the Arab armies came to the tomb and planned to destroy it, considering it to be in direct violation of the tenets of Islam. The caretakers of the grave managed to convince the Arab command that the tomb was not built to honor Cyrus, but instead housed the mother of King Solomon, thus sparing it from destruction. As a result, the inscription in the tomb was replaced by a verse of the Qur’an, and the tomb became known as “Qabr-e Madar-e Sulaiman,” or the tomb of the mother of Solomon. It is still widely known by that name today.
Chapar-Khaneh, this was a mailing service station operated first by horses carrying any parcels to various destinations and later by vehicles until early 20th century.
The Narin Qal’eh or Narin Castle is a mud brick fort or castle in the town of Meybod, Iran. Structures like these constituted the government stronghold in some of the older (preIslamic) towns of central Iran. Some of these castles incorporate mud bricks of the Medes period and of the Achaemenid and Sassanid dynasties. The ruins of the structure stand 40 meters (130 ft.) high from its base. Although built some 2000 years ago, it contains what seems to be a type of plumbing system made out of mortar (“sārooj”) built into its massive walls.
It is also peculiarly similar in design to Ali Qapu palace of Isfahan; It has a terrace high on top of the structure whose circulation is provided by two helical stairwells (whose walls have caved in, making it inaccessible). The structure also has a large underground chamber (filled now by rubble), possibly a prison. Four towers surround the entire compound, and a large gate furnishes access to a large courtyard. The structure seems to have been the victim of numerous earthquakes throughout the ages.
Some believe that the Narin castles are descendants of ancient fire temples; Some of the castles in Narin and Meybod, in Yazd province, are also called nareng castles (orange castles), possibly by folk etymology. The castle at Meybod is currently under study. Yet this castle has not been faring very well.
Although there are some bricks from Medes period, there are rumors that this castle was built around 7000 years ago, this building (city) unlike all other buildings (for exp.: Susa) has built as an old city in 3 different floors, at ground level you will see common people life form, then commercial and business part and then royal part (except the military part of the roof for patrolling and watching far distances in case of military invasion. (No religious floor or section at all!)
The position of this city is unlike all others as you can watch over 70 kilometers in every direction from the top of the roof, yet again it is centered between mountains so for an invasion you had to climb those mountains first then go another 70 kilometers and only after that you had to prepare yourself for all other normal events when you wanted to invade a castle (like rivers of water and burning oil and etc.) Although all outer gates have been destroyed the inner castle still exists. And you can still see some of the outer walls.
Kharanaq, the virtually deserted and crumbling mud-brick village of Kharanaq (Kharanagh) is in a valley about 70km north of Yazd and is believed to be more than 1000 years old. The Qajar-era mosque, the 17th-century shaking minaret and the caravanserai on the edge of town have all been restored. You’ll need a key to get into these, however, and you’ll need a guide (or the folks at Silk Road Kharanaq) to arrange that. Many of the buildings are falling down, so watch your step. Walk into the valley below to see an ancient aqueduct, built to irrigate the surrounding fields. Photographers will love it mid-afternoon. Those wanting to extend their stay overnight can book into Silk Road Kharanaq, which is run by the Silk Road crew in Yazd. The modest adobe building has been extensively renovated but remains as simple – and appropriate – as you would expect in a virtual ghost town.
Robat Zein-o-din Mehriz has been known as one of the 101 superior hotels in the year of 2009 that’s masterpieces of the architecture of Safaviyeh. Orbicular from outside and twelve findings from inside. Zeyn-Al-Deen Mehriz inn that’s the one orbicular in the country, succeeded in obtaining the award for the best repair in the year 2006 by the International Organization UNESCO. Yazd Zein-o-din Caravanserai – After 60 Km in Yazd to Kerman Road.
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