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Tabriz

Tabriz (Persian:تبریز) (pronounced [tæbˈriːz]) is the fifth largest city and one of the historical capitals of Iran and the capital of East Azerbaijan Province. 

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Situated at an altitude of 1,350 meters at the junction of the Quru River and Aji River, it was the second largest city in Iran until the late 1960s, one of its former capitals, and residence of the crown prince under the Qajar dynasty. The city has proven extremely influential in the country’s recent history. In addition to all of this, there is an excavation site and museum in the city center with a history that dates back 2500 years, which is also regarded as one of the most historic cities in ancient Iran.

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Best Time to Go

Summer, Autumn

UNESCO sites

Tabriz Historic Bazzar Complex

ATTRACTIONS

El-Gölü (Azerbaijani: Él-Gölü, and Persian: گلی ایل ) is the name of a large park in Tabriz, Iran. The Early history of the El-Gölü is not clear. However, it seems that it was used as a water resource for agricultural purposes. It was used as a summer palace during the Qajar dynasty (when Tabriz was the official residence of Prince of Iran). It contains a palace that is surrounded by a great square water pool almost 12 meters deep. During 2nd Pahlavi’s it was reconstructed. After the Iranian Revolution of 1979 as the normal process for that period for removing Shah name from everywhere the name of Shah-Gölü was changed to El-Gölü in official documents. This garden with its huge pool & the restaurant in its middle gives you the opportunity to meet locals and breathe fresh air while enjoying the green atmosphere around. If you are lucky you may see boat riders who circle around the pool with a drummer whose music takes you to the ancient times! but for this, you must go in the morning.

The Constitution House of Tabriz, also known as Khaneh Mashrouteh, is a historical edifice located next to the Great Bazaar of Tabriz, on Motahari Ave in Tabriz, Iran. During the years which led to Constitutional Revolution and afterward the house was used as a gathering place of the leaders, activists, and sympathizers of the movement. Among them, the most famous people were Sattar Khan, Bagher Khan, Seqat-ol-Eslam Tabrizi and Haji Mirza Aqa Farshi and the founder Haji Mehdi Kuzeh kanaani, himself a revolutionary activist and a well-reputed person of the time; who was named Abolmele, i.e. the father of the nation at the time. The two-story building was constructed in 1868 by Haj Vali Me’mar-e Tabrizi[1]. It has numerous rooms and halls. The most beautiful part of the house is a skylight and corridor decorated with colorful glass and mirrors.

Arg of Tabriz also known as Arg-e Alishah is the remains of an Ilkhanid era (1256–1335) structure, which is considered the symbol of the city and one of the tallest historical walls in the country. The complex once included a Ribat, a school, and a mosque. An earthquake devastated the complex 300 years ago. During the Constitutional Revolution, the forces of revolutionary leaders Sattar Khan (1866-1914) and Baqer Khan (1870-1911) took cover in the Arg of Tabriz from the cannon fire of Qajar King Mohammad Ali Shah (1972-1924). Today the area around this 700-year-old Arg is used for Friday and other public prayers.

Behnam House was built during the later part of the Zand dynasty (1750–1794) and early part of the Qajar dynasty (1785–1925). The House has a small summer wing and a larger two-story winter wing. The house has an Andarouni (interior), which was the private quarters used by women and servants, and a Birouni (exterior), which was the public quarters mostly used by men. Magnificent stained glass windows and doors, stucco reliefs and wall paintings are part of the attractions of the Behnam House. The Behnam House is part of the School of Architecture of Tabriz Art University.

Maqbarat-o-shoara or the Tomb of Poets is a monument erected in a cemetery where 400 prominent poets are buried in Tabriz. Some of the best-known poets laid to rest in this cemetery include Asadi Tusi (999-1072), Qatran Tabrizi (1009-1072), Anvari Abivardi (1126-1189), Khaqani Shervani (1122-1190) and Mohammad-Hossein Behjat Tabrizi (Shahriar) (1906-1988).

Qari Bridge is a stone bridge in Tabriz, which according to legend was sponsored by an old woman and built during the Qajar era (1794-1925).

MUSEUMS

Azerbaijan Museum is one of the most important museums in Iran, which was opened in 1962. Aside from the National Museum of Iran in Tehran, this museum has the biggest collection of pre-Islamic artifacts in the country. The museum has three galleries, the first one showcases pre-Islamic artifacts and remains, the second gallery showcases Islamic finds along with coins and seals and the third gallery houses sculptors.

Qajar Museum of Tabriz, which opened in 2006, is located in the Garousi Traditional House. The museum showcases old coins, weapons, porcelain, glass dishes, Khatam (inlaid wooden objects) and musical instruments.

Iron Age Museum of Tabriz opened in 2006 and houses Iron age finds from different archeological digs at an ancient cemetery.

The Shahriar Museum, which opened in 1991, is located in the home of poet Mohammad-Hossein Behjat Tabrizi (1906-1988) better known by his pen name Shahriar. The Museum houses his personal items including the instruments he played, his calligraphy works and photos.

El-goli Restaurant

This restaurant which is located on the first floor of the El-Goli Park building serves Tabrizi Kofta and a variety of other Persian and Azeri dishes.

Hezardastan

is a restaurant where you can try the Tabrizi cuisine from the city’s famous Kofta to Dizi and Kebab. The restaurant has been decorated with Constitutional Revolution newspapers.

Shahriar

is a traditional restaurant which has a teahouse and a hall with carpeted sitting platforms where Persian dishes are served.

Golestan Park is a city center park built in the 1930s. It is a good place to relax under the shadows of trees.

Golestan Garden
Shemshak resort ski

Sahand Ski Resort is located 60 kilometers from the city of Tabriz. The resort has cable cars, a ski school and accommodation facilities for skiers and snowboarders.

The Bazaar of Tabriz is one of the oldest bazaars of the Middle East and the largest covered bazaar in the world. It was inscribed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in July 2010. Tabriz has been a place of cultural exchange since antiquity. Its historic bazaar complex is one of the most important commercial centers on the Silk Road. Located in the center of the city of Tabriz, Iran, this spectacular structure consists of several sub-bazaars, such as Amir Bazaar (for gold and jewelry), Mozzafarieh (a carpet bazaar), a shoe bazaar, and many other ones for various goods.

 UNESCO site

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 The most prosperous time of Tabriz and its bazaar was in the 16th century when the town became the capital city of the Safavid kingdom. The city lost its status as a capital in the 17th century, but its bazaar has remained important as a commercial and economic center. Although numerous modern shops and malls have been established nowadays, the bazaar of Tabriz has remained the economic heart of both the city and northwestern of Iran. It is worthy of mention that Tabriz bazaar has been being an important political place, and one can point out its importance in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution in the last century and Islamic Revolution in the contemporary time.
The bazaar is used for some important religious ceremonies. The most famous one is Day of Ashura during which merchants cease trading for about 10 days and religious ceremonies are held inside the bazaar. Like other bazaars in the Middle East, there are several mosques constructed behind the bazaar, the most notable of them being Jome’ Mosque.
Traditional Tabriz Bazaar – the largest covered markets in the world
Traditional Tabriz Bazaar is one of the unique examples of architecture and one of the largest and most important shopping malls in Iran and is considered Asia. The market area of about one square kilometer is the world’s largest indoor market. Tabriz Bazaar in August 1389 as the world market for solar has been registered in the
UNESCO World Heritage List. Located within a quadrilateral core Tabriz Tabriz Bazaar is located at the center of the quadrilateral. East side of the market Alyqapv ( Vlyhdnshyn palace complex ), and the West Mosque restricted to the north, parts of North River Mehraneh is comprised of two sections by wooden bridges along Rasthbazar are to be linked together. First Map of the Market Tabriz in 1327 AH, the part of the map Tabriz Daralsltnh Asadullah Khan Mraghhay been traced. Map of the Market in the northeastern part of the map depicted the most important places on the map are named as Timcheh and caravanserais.
High brick arches and domes Amir Tabriz market, including the market, shoemakers market, bazaar, market, batting, Dexter Dose Market, the old order, market- Haj Mohammad Hussain, market Moshiri, Market matchmaker great woman, Feedback Safi, Market Amir Hasan, Haj House messenger, house of Haj Mirza Ali Naqi, Timcheh, Sheikh Sarai K., Timcheh Haji Safar Ali, Timcheh corridors Mirza Shafi, Malik is Timcheh.

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Shopping Center

Laleh Park is located at Fahmideh square. The most modern shopping center in northeastern Iran, offering international brands. Includes food court, playground, and hypermarket.

Souvenirs

Hot springs and Hydrotherapy Resorts in the northwest of Iran. Important and rich hydrotherapy centers such as “Sare Aine”, Boostan Abad, and especially the coastal strip along Urmia Lake enjoy great popularity among all tourists. Situated 20 km off the city of Ardabil, Sare Aine Spa forms one of the most significant health resorts in Iran. Moreover, hot springs rich in phosphoric and other mineral properties, located in this region, substantially contain various medicinal benefits. As a picturesque natural phenomenon comprising distinctive medicinal and healing features, Urmia Lake definitely constitutes one of the main attractions around Tabriz.

Sarein
Takhte soleyman

Takht-e Soleymān (5-hour ride from Tabriz towards the south, The route passes through Bonab, Shahin Dezh, and Tekab). It is remnants and ruins of seventh century Iranian Royal Palace and Zerdostian Temple dated back to 224-651 AD inscribed a UNESCO site. It includes a lake in the center of the palace and the ruins of the Sasanid palace around the lake. There is a royal prison located several miles away from the palace. Takhte Soleyman is named one of the 10 best ancient ruins by The Guardian newspaper. The name means the Throne of Solomon, in the earlier ancient period known as Shiz or Adur Gushnasp, literally “the Fire of the Warrior Kings”.

Kandovan is located in a remote northwestern corner of Iran’s East Azerbaijan Province, south of the provincial capital Tabriz, lies the settlement of Kandovan. Not only is the area famous for its scenic beauty and the healing power of its spring waters, Kandovan is also home to a remarkable modern age troglodyte (cave dweller) community. It is known all around the world for its unique rock-carved houses dating back more than 700 years. The 5 star Kandovan Tourism Cliff Hotel is the first of its kind in Iran and the second in the world, after the luxurious Yunak Evleri Cave Hotel, in Cappadocia, Turkey. 

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The settlement is unique because the villagers have made their homes within the caves, equipping each with electricity, running water and plumbing. Conically shaped, the unusual cave formations were formed from compressed volcanic ash and debris that spewed forth from Mt Sahand – now an extinct volcano – thousands of years ago. Since then, the cave dwellers have added windows, doors as well as carved stairwells and porches. Each dwelling ranges from two to four stories high and usually comprises living quarters, a storage area and even a shelter for livestock. The community is made up mostly of farmers and herders – selling dairy products, meat, wool and honey for a living – though tourism income has been on the rise since a cave hotel opened in 2007.Legend has it that Kandovan’s first inhabitants moved here centuries ago to escape the invading Mongol army. In this unique village, the homes are not just built on the mountain, they are carved into it. Built out of volcanic ash and debris spewed during an eruption of Mount Sahand, these rocky structures were compressed and shaped by natural forces into cone-shaped pillars containing pockets. They have been eroded by the elements over the years into their current shapes. Local residents say that the homes are not only strong but also unusually ‘energy efficient’: These homes require minimal supplemental heat during the long cold season and remain cool in the summer. ‘Kando’ means ‘a bee’s hive’, and this is how Kandovan got its name.

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kandovan
Arasbaran

Arasbaran Protected Area is located 90 kilometers northeast of Tabriz. This area is a great place for bird watching and two of its most important bird species are the Eurasian Jay and the Grouse. The area has been designated as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.

Kiamaki Wild Life Refuge is located 70 kilometers northwest of Tabriz. Kiamaki is a designated bird watching spot home to the Bearded Vulture and the Cinereous Vulture. With an altitude of 3,347 meters above sea level, Kiamaki summit is one of the most challenging mountains to climb in Azerbaijan Province.

kliamaki wild life refugee

Sahand Mountain is a dormant volcano located south of Tabriz. Sahand has a summit with an altitude of 3,750 meters. Due to its vegetation and many grasslands, meadows and flower fields, Sahand has been nicknamed the Bride of Iranian Mountains.

Tabriz International Airport

(IATA: TBZ, ICAO: OITT) is an airport that serves Tabriz, Iran. It is the primary airport of Tabriz.

Airlines & Destinations

AirlinesDestinations
Ata AirlinesAhwaz, Isfahan, Istanbul-Atatürk, Kish Island, Mashhad, Shiraz, Tehran-Mehrabad
AtlasGlobalAdana
Azerbaijan AirlinesBaku
Caspian AirlinesAsaloyeh, Tehran-Mehrabad
flydubaiDubai-International
Iran AirAhwaz, Baghdad, Bandar Abbas, Isfahan, Jeddah, Medina, Najaf, Tehran-Mehrabad
Iran Air ToursTehran-Mehrabad, Istanbul-Atatürk
Iran Aseman AirlinesShiraz, Tehran-Mehrabad
Mahan AirBandar Abbas, Isfahan, Mashhad, Kerman, Najaf
Meraj AirlinesMashhad, Tehran-Mehrabad
Onur AirSeasonal: Adana
Qeshm AirlinesBaghdad, Najaf
SaudiaSeasonal: Jeddah, Medina
Tailwind AirlinesSeasonal: Adana
PegasusSeasonal: Adana
Taban AirYerevan, Batumi, Tbilisi
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul-Atatürk, İzmir
Zagros AirlinesMashhad
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