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Shiraz

Shiraz is a city of sophistication that has been celebrated as the heartland of Persian culture for more than 2000 years. Known as the Dar-ol-Elm (House of Learning), the City of Roses, City of Love and City of Gardens, Shiraz has become synonymous with education, nightingales, and poetry. 

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It was one of the most important cities in the medieval Islamic world and was the Iranian capital during the Zand dynasty (AD 1747–79) when many of its most beautiful buildings were built or restored.This city is situated in the south-east of Iran and is the capital city of Fars Province, with a population of about 1 500 000. Shiraz International Airport is the main international airport of Fars province and southern region of Iran.

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Best Time to Go

Spring as it is the season for orange blossoms, which the city is famous for, and because of the city’s many gardens. The expression Bahar-e Shiraz (Shiraz spring) is a common one in the Persian language.

UNESCO sites

Persepolis , Pasargadae , The Persian Garden: Ancient Garden of Pasargadae and Eram Garden.

ATTRACTIONS

Karim khan Citadel, this building is the biggest and the most important building of Zand Dynasty, has been the residence of Karim Khan and where he ruled from. This Citadel is included With four circular towers, one of which on the southeastern side has a distinctive slope. Restoration is continuing. The decoration of this complex has been destroyed. The area of the whole place is 12800 square meter (42,240 sq. ft.), the height of each tower is 14 meter (46′). Above the entrance is a large tile image of the killing of the white devil by Rustam. Made during Ghajar dynasty which was added later to the Arg. Inside the Arg (citadel), there are different buildings, the north building was used in the winter, the south building for summer use, and the west building was four all seasons. Outside of the building has a simple presentation but on the contrary inside the rooms have beautiful decorations which are the characteristic of buildings during Karim Khan. There are fountains still in operation, flower and vegetable gardens and fruit trees. Work is in progress trying to save and restore the Arg.

Visiting Hours:
March- August: 7:30-21:00
September- February: 8:00- 20:00
Closed on Religious Holidays

Vakil Complex 

Vakil Mosque

Vakil mosque, the beautiful Vakil Mosque was built in 1773 by Karim Khan at one of the entrances to his bazaar. The mosque has two vast porch to the north and south, a magnificent inner courtyard surrounded by beautifully tiles alcoves and porches and a wonderfully vaulted altar with 48 impressive columns. The enormous 14 steps marble minbar was cut out of a block and was carried from Azerbaijan. Most of the tiling, with its predominantly floral motifs, was added in the early Qajar era. Vakil mosque is located downtown Shiraz on the northern side of Vakil Bazaar. Masjed­e Vakil is a none ­working mosque from the time of Zand Dynasty when Karim Khan Zand chose Shiraz as Iran’s capital city. The architecture of this prosperous era is best reflected in Vakil complex. The mosque with its impressive floral designs is the first building in this complex. The ceiling in Mihrab (altar) is covered with small cupolas resting on twisted columns. The northern veranda is decorated with shrubs and flowers mainly rose bushes.

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Vakil Bath

Vakil Bath is the other building located next to the mosque and represents the old public bathrooms from 200 years ago. Inside, you can see the beautiful decorations on pastured walls.

March- August: 7:30-20:00
September- February: 8:00-19:00
Closed on Religious Holidays

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Bazaar-E-Vakil of Shiraz

Bazaar-E-Vakil of Shiraz, Shiraz’s finest bazaar is one of the most atmospheric in Iran and has been described as the most architecturally impressive in the country. It was constructed by Karim Khan as part of a plan to make Shiraz into a great trading center. The vaulted brick ceilings keep the Bazaar interior cool in summer and warm in winter. Considered one of the best bazaars in Iran, this can be one of your favorite places to shop many good stores with very good prices. The architecture and atmosphere make it worthwhile to visit and shop. It is quite large with many sections. You will find stores in groups based on what they sell, like handicrafts stores above and carpet stores below.
One can purchase Gabbeh (rugs woven by Fars nomads) in addition to other kinds of rugs and many other handicrafts. Vakil bazaar was also built by Karim Khan Zand, the founder of Zand Dynasty. The Bazaar is within a stone throw of downtown Shiraz. You have to walk through the historical area where the cars are not allowed now. The bazaar with its bricked walls and arches is a good place for buying Persian handicrafts and decorative works such as silver works, inlaid works, fine cloth, all kinds of ornaments, most important of all Persian carpet which is probably the best souvenir from Iran.

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Quran Gate, the former northeast entrance to the city was a gate called Quran Gate? Where big Quran (Ghoran) were kept. The road to Isfahan actually went through the gate till some years ago. According to an old Iranian Islamic custom, passengers should pass under a Quran for a safe travel. The current highway passes beside the gate but the gate has been preserved as a touristy spot and people like to visit the place which gives access to Khajoo Kermani tomb.

Zinat-ol-Molk House dates back to Qajar period and is located near the Qavam house in Shiraz.The construction of this house lasted 3 years and finished in 1923 by Mohammed Qavam-ol-Molk. Down a small lane beside the garden is the Khan-e Zinol-Molk, which was originally the private, andaruni area of the complex and is named after its last owner, the daughter of the builder Qavam.

Eram Botanical Garden, this is a botanic garden which an edifice from Qajar Era (19th century). Famous for its cypress trees it was made to compete with heaven, often called the Garden of Paradise. The edifice is not open to visitors The architect was Haj Mohammad Hassan Memar.
Eram garden, one of the most beautiful gardens in the country is located in the northwest of the city and is famous for the collection of trees and variety flower especially all types of roses. The garden is most beautiful in Late Farvardin (April) and attracts lots of visitors and tourists in the spring. Besides the garden itself, you shouldn’t forget the magnificent building in the middle of the garden with unmemorable and beautiful tile paintings. Each painting depicts picture stories from Persian literature.

 UNESCO sites

March- August: 8:00-13:00 and 15:00 -19:30
September- February: 8:00-13 and 14:30-17
Closed on Religious Holidays

Afifabad Garden itself is nice to walk through and the central building now has turned into a museum which holds a collection of antique guns and weapons. The garden (also known as Golshan) and the building were owned by the famous noble family of Ghavam. North to the main building, there is a bath with beautiful plaster work and wall painting showing Qajari men and women.

Afif Abad Military Museum

Afif Abad Military Museum, This museum has exhibited the changes of hot and cold weapons including automatic and half automatic weapons, swords, spears, dagger, helmet, armor, muzzle loaders and hunting guns, types of machine gun and… from Safaviyeh era to the Islamic Revolution.
We can refer to such remarkable works as single barreled gun of Fath Ali Shah-e-Qajar, pair barreled gun of Naser-Eddin-Shah, Mouzer’s rifle donated by Emperor of Germany to Mozaffar-Eddin-Shah and Mouzer’s rifle donated by French government to Mozaffer-Eddin-Shah, machine gun of Raeesali Dalvari and the collection of Mirza Koochak Khan-e-Jangali and his friend’s guns. Afifabad Garden

Address: Afif Abad Military Museum, the front of Afif Abad Street, Sattar Khan Blvd, Shiraz, Fars Province, Iran.
March- August: 8:00-12:00 and 15:00-19:00
September- February: 8:00- 12:00 and 15:00-17:00
closed on Religious Holidays

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Delgosha Garden is one of the historical gardens in Shiraz, Iran near Tomb of Saadi and it belongs to the pre-Islamic era of the Sassanian Empire. In Safavid dynasty, Delgosha Garden was one of most famous gardens in Shiraz. Some of the buildings in this garden were constructed in Qajar dynasty. Most of the trees in this 7.5-hectare garden are citruses such as Orange and sour orange. The main building which has three stories with two entrances on two sides and a porch on the middle floor with a view of the pool is a sign of glorious days. The Sa’di’s Tomb Canal is passing through this garden.

Jahan Nama Garden, the garden was a place to host governmental guests in Qajar era. It is the oldest garden in Shiraz, with about 40000 square meter area, irrigating from Rokni, a well-known river. Jahan Nama Garden is located in a special region of Shiraz (Hafez Street) among Hafez Shrine, Haft Tanan, Darvazeh Quran, Khajavi Kermani, Baba Kuhi, National Garden, Gahvareh Did, National Library, and Archives, etc. The Garden was rebuilt by the order of Karim Khan-e Zand in 1771 AD. Inside the garden, there is an octagonal manner like the Kolah Farangi edifice of Bagh-e Nazar (Nazar Garden). There are four alcoves with two-story rooms in every four corner of it. Inside the manor, there is an octagonal pool built from integrated marble with a stone fountain inside it. The painted ornaments inside the manor are very magnificent and valuable.

Shapouri House or Shapouri Pavilion and Garden is an early 20th-century Persian building and garden in the city of Shiraz, Iran. It has 840 square meters of underpinning and 4635 square meters of garden area.

Haft Tanan Garden, the antiquity of this garden which is related to before Zandiyeh periods, is one of the most ancient historical places; and also the edifice of this garden is related to Karim Khan-e- Zand periods. The hall which its ceiling has been based on two. Haft Tanan Museum

Haft Tanan Museum

Haft Tanan Museum is the oldest historical sites in Shiraz.The garden is a testament to the centuries before the building of monuments of Karim Khan Zand. The garden at his tomb is located at the north end of the mountain forty position. Most tourists who have traveled in the last centuries Shiraz garden on a beautiful mansion Haftanan and have described it. The museum belongs to the third to eleventh centuries rocks AH Kofi with a variety of lines, third, calligraphy forensic events etc. is beautifully decorated.

March- August: 7:30-20:00
September- February: 8:00-18:00
Closed on Religious Holidays

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Narenjestan Ghavam is a smaller rival to Eram Garden and has beautiful buildings inside. This magnificent building, built in 1881, dates back to the Qajar period. Restored in 1967 it is currently known as one of the most beautiful houses in Iran. Some very ancient objects, more than 2500 years old can be seen in this museum. The carvings and the picturesque tile work depict the ancient history of Iran. Designed and used as the Birooni (Exterior: to receive people outside of the family circle). Also, the complex includes Zinat al Mulk house which was designed and used as Andarooni (Interior: the home for only the close family). The complex also consists of a private bath house, a public bath house, and Hoseinieh (religious ceremony building). Andarooni and Birooni buildings were connected together by an underground passage way. This complex significantly represents Iranian Architecture during Ghajar period. Between 1969 -1979, Asian Institute used Naranjestan under famous American Archeologist Arthur Upham Pope. Since 1998, the complex is used by the faculty of Art and Architecture of Shiraz University.

Narenjestan-e-Qavam Museum

Narenjestan-e-Qavam Museum which is located in the edifice of Narenjestan-e-Qavam is a part of Qavami-e-Shiraz collection that has been made and completed between the years 1836 and 1846 coincide with Naser-Eddin- Shah-e-Qajar dynasty.Architecture quality, brickwork and tiled frameworks, carvings by saw, wood works, mirror work, glass work, and plaster work, paintings and the other ornaments that used in this building, has changed this building into an art museum of its period in Shiraz. In this museum, there has been exhibited pottery engraved, enamel, and metal containers. Narenjestan-e-Qavam

Address: Narenjestan-e-Qavam Museum, Lotf Ali Khan-e-Zand Street, Shiraz, Fars Province, Iran
March-August: 8:00 – 20:00
September- February: 8:00-18:30
closed on Religious Holiday

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Pars museum is located in Bagh-e-Nazar-e-Shiraz (Nazar Garden in Shiraz) in which maintenance objects related before and after Islam till Qajar era. This museum has been found in1936. This museum is the oldest museum which there are valuable works such as metal objects, pottery, all kinds of coins and seals from the fourth millennium before Christ to the modern. There is 30 volumes collection of Quran related to 14th century along with a collection of beautiful watercolor paintings in this museum. There is a famous picture of Karim Khan and also famous paintings of Zandiyeh era in the museum. Also, Karim khan-e-zand’s sword is keeping in this museum. There is kept on the western side of the yard of this garden a circular and cylindrical stone known as Loh-e-Tarikh (Tablet of the History). On this stone, there has been engraved three inscriptions by handwriting of Pahlavi Thuluth Naskh and the handwriting of Nasta’liq related to three historical eras of Saljuqi, Safavi, and Qajariyeh. The tomb of Karim Khan which is related to Zand era is located in this place. Also, the Hefdah Man Quran which at first was placed on the top of Darvazeh Quran portal but in 1937 was transferred to this museum.

Address: Pars Historical Museum, Lotf Ali Khan Street, Shiraz, Fars Province, Iran.
March- August: 7:30-20:00
September- February: 8:00-18:00

MUSEUMS

Achaemenid Museum of Persepolis or Takht-e-Jamshid, Persepolis museum building is the oldest structure of Iran that has been reconstructed and has been allocated to the museum. The building was one of the series of the palace of Persepolis that was built about 2500 years ago by a series of Achaemenid dynasty. The parts of this building that is now used as a museum include one porch, two galleries, and one hall.

Address: The collection of Persepolis (Takht-e-Jamshid), 57 Km of Isfehan _ Shiraz road, Fars Province, Iran
March- August: 7:30-19:30
September- February: 8:00-18:00
closed on Religious Holiday

Sasanian Museum or Bishapur introduces values of Sasanian periods which its antiquity relates to 260 A.D.The building of this museum is consisting of two parts; a part consisting of a large saloon by the area of 91 square meters and the other part which is a historical building itself. This museum was established in 1938. Now the existing objects in the museum include pieces of the mosaics of Ivan, mosaic and stucco of the palaces, inscribing stones, pottery, and ceramics of Sasanian and Islamic eras which have been attained during 10 types of research of various parts.

Address: The historical city of Bishapur, Kazaroun, Fars Province, Iran
March- August: 7:30-19:30
September- February: 8-18
Closed on Religious Holidays

Biological Museum of Shiraz University is one of the spectacular places of the city.The museum was established in 1975 for the purpose of increasing the public knowledge in regard to the universe and knowing the existential values of plants, animals, and fossils both human life and in the environment. In February 1981 is transferred to its current building in Modares Boulevard of Shiraz. It has an area of hundred thousand square meters. In zoology part, there are 2500 samples of invertebrates, sponges, corals, worms, seashells, arthropods, echinoderms and vertebrates, various types of fish, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Other spectacular and interesting parts consist of samples of animals and an aquarium with a length of 7 m and full of fish and live snakes.

Saturday- Friday: 8:00-16:00
Closed on Religious Holiday

Haft khan Restaurant

There’s an all-you-can-eat buffet on the ground floor, a fast-food court on the 2nd floor, an a la carte restaurant on the 3rd floor serving Iranian and international dishes, and a teahouse on the roof. The best of these is the ground-floor buffet, which offers a huge array of traditional Iranian dishes including freshly baked bread with cheese and herbs, lots of salads and some unusual dips (great for vegetarians).

Sharzeh Traditional Restaurant

This place is worth the effort.The restaurant is in the basement of the arcade, accessed via stairs at the rear. It’s best for lunch when bazaaris (shopkeepers) and local business people flock here to sample local dishes such as baghela mahicheh (rice with broad beans, mutton, and dill) and Kalam polo Shirazi (beef meatballs with herbs, leek, and cabbage). There’s usually live music at both lunch and dinner.

Soofi Restaurant

This is where middle-class Shirazi families come to celebrate big occasions, and it can be loads of fun on a Thursday or Friday night when live music is played and customers get into the celebratory swing of things. Kababs are the things to order, particularly the famous ‘Special Kabab’, which is served in a very theatrical manner.

Shater Abbas Restaurant

Enter from the street, descend the stairs into the basement and claim one of the large tables clad in cheerful checked tablecloths – your reward will be one of the best kababs in the city. Start with the hot bread and cheese, and be sure to order the succulent shandiz lary kabab (spiced lamb) or the kubideh (minced lamb kabab), as both are delicious. There are fish dishes for non-meat eaters.

Margoon and Ghalaat villages in Fars Province. It is located on the slopes of Zagros Mountain Range and is 2000 meters above sea level. The village is 45 km north of Sepidan town and because of being in a mountainous area, it enjoys a mild and moderate weather in spring and summer. But it is cold in the other two seasons of the year. The village is one of the beautiful areas and summer resorts in Fars province and used to host many nomads of the region in the past. With the passage of time, this summer resort has been changed to a permanent residential area and has got the name Margoon.

Margon Waterfall

Reghez Canyon (Persian: تنگ رغز) (Also: Raghaz, Raghez) is about 2.5 km long. There are about sixty waterfalls in the canyon and 12 waterfalls that came down with a rope. Reghez Canyon is the most beautiful canyon in Iran and includes more than 60 waterfalls and about 100 natural pools. The highest waterfall is called Azarakhsh (meaning thunder) with 65 meters height and the deepest pool is Kabootar (meaning pigeon) with 20 meters depth. This valley is located near Darab city which is a small city near Shiraz southern Iran. This canyon is about 2500 meter long and the best choice in Iran for technical climbers and canyoners. The best time for canyoning is from April to August.

Parks & Gardens

Shopping Center

Bazaars

Souvenirs

Persepolis is registered as a UNESCO world heritage site. Persepolis (Capital of Persia in Greek) or Takht-e Jamshid (The Throne of Jamshid) became summer capital of Achaemenian after Pasargadae. The construction of this impressive palace started by Darius I, one of Cyrus’s successors, in about 518 BC. Was completed over a period of 150 years by subsequent kings Xerxes I and Artaxerxes I. It was burned down during Alexander the Great occupation in 331 BC. Historian’s debate whether was accidental or intentional retaliation. The entire complex was built atop a lofty terrace reached by a double stairway that led to the monumental Gate of Xerxes. The terrace is about 1,475 Ft. long by 985 Ft. wide, and about 25-60 ft. high. To the south, across a vast open space, was the huge Apadana, or Audience Hall of Darius; east of the Audience Hall rose the massive Throne Hall—called by early archaeologists the Hall of One Hundred Columns—which was begun by Xerxes and completed by Artaxerxes. Many other structures lay to the south of these main buildings, including the palaces of Darius and Xerxes and the royal treasury.

 UNESCO sites

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When you enter the area, you go up the stairs. There are 106 steps about 23 ft. wide. At the top of the stairs, the first thing you see is Xerxes Gateway with three separate doors and a hallway. The remaining doors are covered with inscriptions and carvings in ancient languages. To the east, you can see the double headed eagles.
To the south of gateway, look for the Apadana Palace (audience hall) where kings received visitors and celebrated Norwz (the Persian New Year). Persepolis was occupied only on great occasions of national importance. There are almost no signs of daily wear. Persepolis was used as a setting for an invocation by the whole nation, led by the divinely invested King, by the grace of the Great God Ahura-Mazda, overcame all enemies and established a world empire which was planned to bring peace, order, and prosperity into a chaotic world. Darius declared, “I am one who loves righteousness and hates iniquity… It is not my will that the strong should oppress the weak… God’s plan for the earth is not turmoil but peace, prosperity, and good government.” And for a while this part of the world enjoyed such.
The Court of Apadana was made from material from nearby mountains. The Central Hall was supported by 36 stone columns, each 20m high. Double headed bulls that decorate stairways each represent ancient nationalities. Look for Darius Palace, behind Central Hall connected by a stairway. Palace of 100 columns was the largest hall in Persepolis which Darius I used for reception and meetings with his army commanders.
To the east, carved in the mountain see Tomb of Artaxerxes II.
The Persepolis Museum displays ceramic, carvings, clothes and coins discovered there and in a city nearby. There is uncertainty whether the museum building was the harem of Xeres or the Queen’s palace. In a separate complex next to Persepolis was the Treasury consisting of halls covering over 10,000 sq. meters. Found at the Treasury were stone and clay tablets written in Akkadian and Elamite that gave details of the economy of Persepolis. Records of wages paid, hours worked, and vacation. Women were paid the same as men for the same work and were given paid maternity leave. Unlike most large construction projects in the old world, Persepolis was not built by slaves. The workers lived off-site and enjoyed a comfortable lifestyle. It is unknown as to how many people lived in and around Persepolis, but it is guessed to be in the thousands or tens of thousands. Since the entire project was over a 150-year time span there were at least six generations of workers born, worked and died during the life of the project.

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Passargadea

Pasargadae is registered as a UNESCO world heritage site.Historic Era Achaemenian registered as a UNESCO world heritage site. Under the name of Cyrus the Great, 599-530 BC, a Persian who founded the Achaemenid empire and ruled it from 549 to 530 BC. He formed a lasting union of the Persians and the Medes. The entire plateau fell under the sway of the Achaemenid Empire (c.550 BC-330 BC), which eventually stretched from the Mediterranean Sea to India and into Africa. After Cyrus’s death (529 BC), his body was placed in a limestone mausoleum built in imitation of a gabled wood house and set on a plinth composed of six very high steps. The Tomb of Cyrus, the impressive stone which was originally much taller but is still the best preserved of the remains of Pasargadae. At Pasargadae, you will also see the remains of three Achaemenian Palaces, known as Throne of the Mother of Solomon, Prison of Solomon and two stone plinths within a sacred area.

 UNESCO site

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This area was the first capital of Achaemenian Empire and covers 1.6 sq.km. It is located about 87km. northeast of Persepolis. During the Islamic conquest of Iran, the Arab armies came to the tomb and planned to destroy it, considering it to be in direct violation of the tenets of Islam. The caretakers of the grave managed to convince the Arab command that the tomb was not built to honor Cyrus, but instead housed the mother of King Solomon, thus sparing it from destruction. As a result, the inscription in the tomb was replaced by a verse of the Qur’an, and the tomb became known as “Qabr-e Madar-e Sulaiman,” or the tomb of the mother of Solomon. It is still widely known by that name today.

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Naghsh-e-Rostam – Necropolis, Not far from Persepolis, there is a necropolis called Naghsh-e-Rostam (Rustam’s Relief: in Persian literature super-sized things are related to Rustam, an epic champion.) Here you see 4 giant tombs in a magnificent rock. The tombs belong to Darius I, Artaxerxes I, Xerxes I, and Darius II who have been all Achaemenian kings. The tomb openings are in shape of crosses, each cross shaped above is over 75 feet high and 60 feet wide. Eight stone carvings from Sassanian dynasty below the Achaemenian tombs showing conquests of kings; believed was created to celebrate the victory of Sassanian king, over the Romanian invader, Valerian.  A 25 ft. high victory carving shows Roman leaders Valerian and Philip the Arab abase themselves before their conqueror Shaper I in 260 A.D. There used to be a ladder which visitors could climb up to the tombs but is no longer available. The size of these is incredible! There is also a building standing in front of these tombs, Ka’ be Zardusht (Kabba of Zoroaster), assumed to be a Zoroastrian fire temple from Achaemenian Period.

March- August: 7:30-20:00
September- February: 8:00- 18:00
Closed on Religious Holidays

naghsherostamperspolisshiraz

Naghsh-e Rajab has 3 large carvings. On the right, you will find an equestrian scene and to the left a relief of Shapur surrounded by his generals. Look for Greek inscription on the chest of Shapur’s horse relating to his ancestry and him as an emperor of the Aryans.
The most important part of this site is the carving of the high Zoroastrian priest Karter, Mobad-e Mobadan (Priest of Priests) under three Sassanian emperors: Shapur, Bahram I and II. He was responsible for setting up a religious state under the Sassanian. The inscriptions relate the events in his life, his rise through the clerical hierarchy and his attacks on heretic religions. He is the only non-royal person appearing on a carving. There is also a scene of Shapur with an angel. 300 m (990 ft.) south across the highway you can see what remains of a foundation for a tower similar to the Ka’ be Zardusht (Kabba of Zoroaster) at Naghsh-e Rostam.

March- August: 7:30-20:00
September- February: 8:00- 18:00
Closed on Religious Holidays

Maharlu Lake is a salt lake located 27 kilometers southeast of Shiraz, Iran. the lake has an area of 600 sq.km This is a salty lake, which is the winter habitat for many Northern birds. The water body is an exclusive home only for the crustacean ‘Artemia’, and the unicellular algae Dunaliella. The original Artemia species was nearly completely replaced by Artemia Franciscan, introduced by the provincial Fisheries department. The lake is exploited as a mine of different chemicals, mainly by Shiraz Petrochemical Company. At the Fire Celebration (Chahar shanbe soory, the last Wednesday night of the year) the lake shore is a place for aggregation of people from Shiraz to spend a happy night out. The lake water is used for extraction of normal salt. Maharlu Lake is the most eastern side of Shiraz’s plain. Its deepest point in the spring has water less than one meter and its height above sea level is 1460 m.

maharlolakeshiraz
sangshekaanancave

Sang Shekanan, this cave is famous for the names of Sang Tarashan, Sang Shekanan and Sang Shekan which is located in the western south of Jahrom town in Fars province. The distance of the cave to Jahrom is 3 kilometers and to province center, Shiraz is 185 kilometers.

Joushak Spring or Cheshmeh Joshak, this spring is located in the limits of northwestern of Shiraz, inside of Ghasr-e-Ghomsheh village. This great spring is the source of a major river which irrigates the gardens of all villages on its way such as Ghasr-e-Ghomshe, Mansoor Abad and Ghasr-e-Dasht and Joshak Spring and the sides of the river is a fun promenade.

Nomad Neighborhood, The proximity of fertile plains and mountains in Iran facilitates the transhumance of nomads between summer and winter meadows and pastures in search of grazing for their animals. In such a setting, several different tribes of nomads live whose unique lifestyle, colorful costumes and distinctive textiles have long been a source of attraction for visitors seeking a delightful opportunity to witness the remaining of nomadic migrations in their annual or seasonal migrations, nomads move from their winter resort locations to summer grazing lands along with their animals and move back to their winter resort locations again when it gets cold.

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From dozens of different tribes, Bakhtiyari and Qashghaye nomads are more famous for their origins, their set of clothes, their tribal structures, and traditions and for the scenic beauty of their camping sites. Traditional and local clothes are still common among villagers and nomads. Their traditional costumes are sewn and worn in so many of Fars’s villages with its traditional form.
In fact, Fars’s costumes have the most beautiful cultural attractions throughout Iran. The reputation of the costume of Qashqai’s men and women has gone so far and today it is considered as one of the most important cultural attractions of this nation. The costume of nomadic people is an example of these traditional costumes of Fars’s people. Nomadic women’s costumes include Kolahak( a type of hat), Arkhaleq, Tonban ( a type of trouser), Papoosh( shoes or socks), headscarf, dress, and skirt. There are mostly in vibrant and various colors inspired by nature. Nomadic men’s costumes also include hat, shirt, Arkhaleq, waist shawl, Chaghe, and Kapank.

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The village of Qalaat It is only 15 km North West of the famous city of Shiraz. With an altitude of 2065 meters above sea level, the village has a moderate weather in spring and summer, but it is cold in winters. Locals of Qalaat village speak Farsi with the local accent. Qalat is one of the historic villages of Fars province. The remnants of ancient buildings in this region are proof of human inheritance in old times. Most locals of Qalaat village are preoccupied in animal husbandry, gardening, servicing, and handicrafts. From among garden products of the village, mention can be made of walnut, almond, fig, grapes, pomegranate, apricot, plum, and greengage. (Milk, cheese, butter, and whey are produced here as well).

Ghalat Village

Shiraz International Airport

(IATA: SYZ, ICAO: OISS) is located in Shiraz, Iran. It is the main international airport of Fars province and southern region of Iran. Shahid Dastgheib International Airport (Also known as Shiraz International Airport) is the largest airport in the southern region of Iran. After undergoing renovation and redevelopment work in 2005, Shiraz Airport was identified as the second most reliable and modern airport in Iran (after Imam Khomeini International Airport of Tehran) in flight safety including electronic and navigation control systems of its flight tower. It is also capable of handling wide-body aircraft such as the Boeing 747, Boeing 777 and Airbus A340-600. In addition to domestic flights to most major Iranian cities, there are daily flights to major cities in the Middle East including Dubai and Istanbul.

Airlines & Destinations

AirlinesDestinationsTerminal
Air ArabiaSharjahInternational
Atrak AirCharter: Mehrabad International AirportInternational
Caspian AirlinesTehran-Mehrabad
Charter: Mashhad
Domestic
Corendon AirlinesSeasonal: Adana, AntalyaInternational
flydubaiDubai-InternationalInternational
Iran AirAbadan, Ahwaz, Bandar Abbas, Bandar Lengeh, Bushehr, Isfahan, Mehrabad International Airport,Tehran-MehrabadDomestic
Iran AirBaghdad , Doha, Dubai-International, Kuwait, Najaf
Seasonal: Jeddah, Medina
International
Iran Air ToursAbadan, Ahwaz, Kish Island, Mashhad, Tehran-MehrabadDomestic
Iranian Naft AirlinesAhwaz, Isfahan, Tehran-MehrabadDomestic
Iran Aseman AirlinesAbadan, Ahwaz, Bandar Abbas, Chabahar, Isfahan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Kish Island, Lamerd, Lar, Mashhad, Noshahr, Qeshm Island, Rasht, Sari, Sirri Island, Tabriz, Tehran-Mehrabad, Zahedan
Seasonal: Yerevan
Domestic
Iran Aseman AirlinesDubai-International, MuscatInternational
Kish AirAsaluyeh, Kish Island, Mashhad, Tehran-Mehrabad, RashtDomestic
Kish AirMuscatInternational
Mahan AirAhwaz, Kerman, Tehran-MehrabadDomestic
Mahan AirKuwait Dubai-International,
Seasonal: Jeddah, Medina
International
Meraj AirlinesMashhad, Tehran-MehrabadDomestic
Qatar AirwaysDohaInternational
Qeshm AirlinesKish Island, Mashhad, Qeshm Island, Sirri Island, Tehran-MehrabadDomestic
Qeshm AirlinesBaghdad, NajafInternational
Taban AirTehran-Mehrabad,
Charter: Mashhad
Domestic
Taban AirIsparta, Istanbul-AtatürkInternational
Tailwind AirlinesSeasonal: Adana, AntalyaInternational
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul-Atatürk, IspartaInternational
SaudiaSeasonal: Jeddah, MedinaInternational
Zagros AirlinesMashhad, Tehran-MehrabadDomestic
Zagros AirlinesKuwait
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