Fall, Mild winter, and Spring
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Fall, Mild winter, and Spring
Namakdan cave, Chahkooh canyon
Chahkooh Canyon, the amazing Chahkooh pass near East Chahou village will amaze all visitors with its corridors as well as surprising shapes on its walls. Similar geological phenomena have been found only in Germany, Britain, China, the United States and few other countries. Chahkooh pass is the result of the erosion of sedimentary stones and has been less visited by tourists because it is still relatively unknown. Chahkouh pass or ravine is located at Shahab district of Qeshm city and has 100 m deep. It is a display of sedimentary stones. The ravine is located 70 km from Qeshm city near East Chahou village on the western side of the northern coasts of the island and is considered one of its most important tourism attractions.
The amazing ravine is located at the heart of a stone mountain which looks like a multiplication sign. Chahkooh is first wide and surrounded by high walls but then becomes so narrow that it is difficult to pass through while the walls still remain high. The ravine includes four straits where the walls nearly meet and are only about 0.5-2 m apart. It seems that the ravine and similar ravines around it have been formed through the collapse of a big anticline which has also created the salt dome which is known as Namakdan (saltshaker). Stones forming Chahkooh are mostly sedimentary limestone which is similar to Zagros Mountains range and are among three major stone categories present in nature.
Water erosion has created long creases in the walls of Chahkooh ravine and has caused various pit which looks like lens, spoons, and spheres. The presence of those creases and pit, as well as stone carving at the bottom of the ravine, has made it into a natural wonder. Designs and shapes formed on the walls of the ravine are like dreams and look like the works of art. Wind, rain and heavy precipitation are the main factors which have created a lot of pits in the walls of Chahkooh. Stones forming Chahkouh are mainly made of lime or calcium bicarbonate which have been dissolved in the rain water and have given rise to small pits which have enlarged in millions of years and formed interesting corridors.
Near Chahou village, there are two perpendicular valleys with high walls. At the bottom of one of those valleys which runs roughly from north to south, there are shallow and semi-deep pits which look like wells where water is stored and used by locals. The entrance of the valley is wider on the north with less slope and looks like “u”. As we move toward the south, the valley narrows and its slope increases so that, at the end, it is V-shaped and difficult to pass and this proves that the valley has been made by floods. There are many parallel creases on the walls of the valley some of which are deeper and look like spoons or funnels. The walls are mostly made of weak limestone and signs of serious erosion and dissolution are evident, so that, there are many big and small pits across the whole walls. It seems that shallow water holes which are used by locals have been dug by man, but they are a continuation of it which had been originally worked out due to a dissolution of limestone. In fact, man has finished nature’s work. Along the main valley and the one perpendicular to it, there is a narrow water canal which has been apparently made to guide water from inside the valley into the water holes. Since the valley has vertical and relatively high walls, a presence of creases and lines resulting from erosion as well as semi-spherical and semi-ellipsoid pits have made it especially beautiful.
Tala Historical Wells, Qeshm island has resorted to many ways to find the water it needs. One of those ways is to drill wells in the rocks, which sometimes end in gypsum layers and are capable of holding water healthy and cool for a long time. The mound overlooking these wells direct rain water toward the wells and it is for this reason that they are called talla wells (“tal” means “mound” in Persian.). These wells located near Laft village which is said that in the past number of these cisterns equaled the number of days in a year (366-equal to leap-year) and every day one of the wells was used for water. rainwater, which is valued like gold, is directed to the wells from the hills around. Some historians believe that these wells are related to Achaemenian and Sassanian dynasties.
Fallen Stars Valley, people of the “Stars Valley” believe that once a huge star fell on their village( in the corner of Qeshm) and made a strange design of soil and stone and a shape there remained forever. The Stars Valley is known as one of the most beautiful geological manifestations in Qeshm Island. It has been created in Berkeh Khalaf Village gradually and through erosion.
Kharbas Caves, The ancient village of kharbas is on Qeshm island and located on the fork road of Qeshm –dargahan.this ancient city is related to the sassandie era, and till the 4th century ah.was a thriving city.the estimated the length of this city is 7 km. and sweet-water was utilized here.hestling in the heights of this village are historical eridences revealing architectural effects in the rocks.some people believe this to be the place of worship of the mithraism cult or the anahita temple.there are some caves in the mountains near kharbas village, called kharbas caves.these caves which are both natural and manmade are located 10 km from Qeshm city on the slopes of a mountain which face the sea and miyankaseh plain.There are four caves, which are connected from within.not all these caves are natural, but some of them were carved out by ancient Iranians, who have used them as they needed. Some signs indicate that kharbas caves have a dwelling for snakes and some even think that they have been a place for worshipping Mehr(the goddess of sun or Mitra).
Salt Caves, some mountains of Qeshm have turned into salt caves as a result of an accumulation of sea water in deep fault and subsequent precipitation of salt. Such caves are not only important as a tourist attraction but are also significant geological hallmarks. The caves are more than 6 km long. Namakdan salt dome is among natural attractions of Qeshm island, which attracts a lot of tourists every year. Namakdan salt dome is the only salt dome in Qeshm island which extends from southern promontory of Salakh anticline up to the northwestern promontory of Basaeedou anticline. Salt caves are located to the south of Namakdan salt dome and are up to 20 m high. This cave is the longest salt cave in the world. It is 6850 meters long. According to recent researches, breathing in the caves may be useful for curing asthma.
Portuguese Castle, the Fort of Our Lady of the Conception, also known as the Portuguese Castle( is a red stone fortress on Qeshm Island). This castle was built in the year 1030(solar year) AH. To the northeast of this island under the decree of the Spanish monarch of the times. The same has two ramparts and towers in the four corners. Within the castle, a number of extremely ancient and rusty canons remain to date. The castle was built by Portuguese commander Alfonso de Albuquerque when his forces seized the island in the early sixteenth century. The fact that such an important place was in foreign hands was so galling to Safavie king Shah Abbas I (1587-1629) that he eventually convinced the British East India Company to allow its ships to cooperate with his land forces and wrested the island from the Portuguese in 1622. The castle built by the Portuguese on Hormoz Island is, without a doubt, the most impressive colonial fortress in Iran. Constructed of reddish stone on a rocky promontory at the far north of the island, the castle was originally cut off from the rest of the island by a moat, traces of which still remain. Although most of the roof caved in long ago, much of the lower part of the very substantial outer walls are intact, with the remains lying on different levels of the site. Over the past few years. These castles are in many places in borders of Persian Gulf. The Portuguese Castle in Qeshm is included weapons inventory, a big water container, barracks, prison, church, headquarters, and halls.
Noopak Crocodile Farm and Zoo is unique of its kind in Iran. One of the animals that are being held, crocodiles called saltwater crocodile breeding species in the world, which are known as the best.
Wild Life, Qeshm is situated in a subtropical strip in the northern hemisphere along the Persian Gulf, which gives it unique conditions and great potential for vegetation and animal life. From October through March, the weather of Qeshm Island is among the best in the world, With an average of 19 c in January. In addition, freshwater streams palm groves, meadows and sandy areas of the island attract a varied collection of resident and migratory birds. Most of the birds attracted to the Mangrove forest because of fish, nourishing vegetation and the unspoiled refuge that the shallow waters and sandy areas provide them with. The geographic location of Qeshm island, with the Mangrove forest, deserts, and other natural habitats have made the island idea and basis for bird and marine life to prosper. The Heron, the Egret and the White spoon-billed are a few of the birds found in Qeshm. Among the birds that dwell in the shallow waters along Qeshm’s shores is the Dalmatian Pelican, which is the largest among the pelican family. The pelican is a migratory bird of Qeshm island, is mostly seen in the Mangrove forest in the spring and autumn seasons.
The 170 cm-tall bird is known to live beside the water and go toward the shore to rest. Thus it has an ideal home at Qeshm island. However, pelicans are scarce and are listed as endangered by IUCN, as about only100 are spotted annually in Qeshm. Various insects, reptiles, birds, and mammals live in Qeshm. Among the mammal’s gazelle and fox and among the birds one can name the white Falcons. More than 50 species of bivalve mollusks, gastropods, cephalopods, crabs and corals can be found on Qeshm coasts. The crab Plover particularly depends on the sanctuary that the Mangrove forest provides, and may be the most important species that Qeshm houses because of its internationally rare status. While some birds use Qeshm as a restful stop-over from the long journey of their migration route, which begins in the south and east of Africa and goes to Eurasia and Siberia, many species of birds including some of the endangered, call the Mangrove forest home. They nest and breed in the forest and surrounding areas.
one can also see different kinds of shrimps, shells, sea urchins, sea porcupines and sea cucumbers in Qeshm waters. A type of amphibian known as gel-khorak can also be found in the Hara forest. The variety of fishes as well as sharks, dolphins and whale species as long as 12m can be found there.Some sea turtles in Qeshm have sometimes be seen whose shell is 2m in diameter and in summer they lay eggs on the coast neighboring Shibderaz or Namakdan mounts.
Hara (Mangrove) Forests, perhaps the unique attraction on Qeshm Island and the coasts of the Persian Gulf for every domestic or foreign tourist is the floating Mangrove forests. It spreads from strait of Hormoz to the east on Oman beaches and the Indian Ocean. These widespread forests can be seen at the beaches of the Persian Gulf around the Laft harbor at the north of Qeshm Island and Khamir harbor. Avicennia Marina is its scientific name, however, it is known “Hara” forest, which are called Timer in Sistan and Baluchestan and Toul in some southern parts of Iran. Arabs call them Shoura and Azam. The Hara forest is the common name for Mangrove forest.
Hara forest spreads at the latitude of 50- 500 m around the Qeshm Island. It bounds an area about 150 km, a plot of land with an area of 8234 hectares. The real and exact expansion of these forests is about 6012 hectares. At the time of ebb (low tide), the trees and their sludgy beds come out of the water and present as a widespread island. At the high tide, the water covers Hara forests and it disappears.
Basically, the Hara tree grows in an area that high tide covers it, so at the higher sea beds, any of these kinds of trees can’t be seen. The Hara tree grows to the height of three to eight meters and has bright green leaves and twigs. The tree is the salt-water plant. It usually blossoms and bears fruit from mid-July to August, with yellow flowers and a sweet almond-like fruit. The seeds fall into the water, where wave action takes them to less moving parts of the sea. The Hara seeds become fixed in the soil layers of the sea and grow. Between Qeshm and Khamir harbor there is a slow flow of waves, so most of the seeds stay there and grow. The oval and long leaves with very narrow end-base, are not only appetizing but also have nutritious values for livestock and are equivalent to barley and alfalfa. The roots of these kinds of plants are knee-form, aerial, sponge-like and usually external. The roots of Hara trees are higher than the ground level for their respiration (photosynthesis) The traditional stock breeders of Qeshm Island use the leaves of Hara for feeding their live stocks. The expansion of Hara forest has slow and decreasing growth.
In 1972 the Hara Protected Area was established to preserve suitable conditions for the growth and maintenance of the forest. In the regions which are covered with Hara trees, the depth of the water is about 3 m and they have very briny soil. This area is a very appropriate habitat for migratory birds in cold seasons because of its suitable ecological conditions. These birds include seagulls, cormorants, flamingos, storks, pelicans, eagles and. In other seasons the native birds which cannot find an appropriate place for living, come to these forests. The area is also a major habitat for reptiles, fishes and even some kinds of arthropods and bivalves. Green turtles and venomous aquatic snakes are the specific animals of the ecosystem of Hara forests.
Hormoz Island has many attractions. It has many colorful mountains- colored earth, multicolored stones and some salt cave. The beauty of nature, kindness of indigenous people who live on the Island can be a reason for tourists to make this their vacation spot during the winter. The climate in this Island is extremely favorable in the months during late autumn and winter.
Naz Island in Qeshm is set to emerge as one of the important tourist destinations in Iran. It is located almost one km to the east of Qeshm Island and expands over three hectares but lacks sandy coasts. It is surrounded by cliffs rising close to 10 meters. The island is totally flat and when there is a low tide, a narrow patch of land connects Naz to Qeshm Island.Presently there are no dwellers on the island and local fishermen have built arbors there as temporary resting places. The island becomes more picturesque after sunset. Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of the Earth. when sea level is fallen, a narrow way appears on the way island that it makes you able to ride a bike, walk, or by car through the way from Qeshm to Naz island. you can enjoy diving, fishing or etc.
Hengam Island (Persian: هنگام جزيره) is an Iranian island located south of Qeshm Island, Iran, in the Persian Gulf. It is 36.6 km wide and shaped like a truncated cone. The island is generally calcareous and generally lowlying. The highest point on the island is Nakas Mountain with an altitude of about 106 meters. The distance between Hengam Island and Qeshm Island is about 2 km. The primary economic activity is fishing, as well as some tourism and sightseeing. The main sights of Hengam are the English harbor buildings along with the coal storage, the Portuguese shipwrecks, and aquatic animals such as turtles, dolphins, corals, and sharks.
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