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March, April, November, December
The Persian Garden: Shahzadeh Graden, Bam and its cultural landscape
Ice-house Moayedi is a circular structure made of sun baked bricks and clay. The same resembles a huge dome. This structure located in the city of Kerman is surrounded by lush greenery and is a site for tourists. There are several small gardens around this ice-house which were filled with the water in winter, then after that, the water ice, the ices lead to the ice-house to use in summer. Moayedi is the name of a parish in Kerman and it includes some parts of fields and old Moayedi Ice-house qanat in /Takhti square and Khorshid Abuhames streets. It sites in the first of Shahid Kamyab in the same region of Kerman and is now one of the tourist attractions. It seems that Moayed Aldin Reyhan one of the rulers of Kerman had been the owner of it.The gardens would fill with water during winter, and when the water froze the ice would be slid into the yakhchal for use in warmer months.
Gonbade Jabalie is at the eastern end of Kerman city, there is a strong and large dome, made of stone and has saved from the trespassing hand of time. This right-angle dome is completely made of stone. There are 8 doors in its eight sides with the width of 2m, that recently have been closed by stones to strengthen the building and only one of them is open. The upper part of the dome has been made of brick and it is not clear whether or not had it been decorated by tile-work Inside the dome there were apparently plaster works that have been destroyed. There is no any document at the time of construction. Sarborsisiks in this book “Eight years in Iran” writers, passing through that has a dome in the shape of two arcs and its internal diameter is 18 foot. This place is called Jabali and it is the only stone building of Kerman. Iranian people believe that it has been the tomb of one of Zoroastrians and some believe that is the tomb of Seyed Mohammad Tabashiri, but the latter allegation has been traversed is some regions. Some believe that it belongs to seljuks but it is not correct it belongs to the times before Islam and is one of the Zoroastrian building, however, its style is not similar to the style of fire temples.
It Sites on the north side of Ganjalikhan square and inside the northern Mesgari bazaar(Coppersmith ‘ bazaar) and opposite of Ganjalikhan bath house, which decorated with beautiful plasterwork. The exhibitions of a collection of dishes, local and army dresses, old arms, farming tools have been held in this museum. In the past, the government golden and silver coins were minted here and several minted coins have been found there. Internal view of the museum is in the form of an octahedron and consists of a roof, 4 porches and four cells in the four sides of the museum. It is now a coin museum. The museum displays coins from different periods such as Parthian, Sassanid, Safavid and Afsharid periods.
Fathabad Garden is located 16 km North West of Kerman, according to historians, this pattern has been used to constructing Shazdeh Garden in Mahan. The history of the construction of the garden is around the year 1255 (Hijri-Shamsi), In Qajar period. Fathabad memorial garden “Fazl Ali Khan Biglarbeygi” was the ruler of Kerman. That is why it is also called Biglarbeygi Garden. The Fathabad Qanat water passed through fathabad Garden in the past, and it was so refreshing and lovely. The Fathabad Garden with its old and valuable history, for a long time, had been abandoned and damaged and most of the trees have dried up. Fathabad Garden- before reconstruction, By efforts of “ Kerman Moghoofat Foundation and development “ under the auspices of the cultural heritage, restoration and reconstruction of the garden began in 1392.
The garden becomes a Tourist Destination and all tourist are welcomed to visit this garden. Among the actions taken in the garden, the following can be noted:
– Restore water to the Fathabad Garden
– The replant of various trees of the garden
– implement greenhouse and plants cultivation
– Create a decorative flower garden center and sale of their
– Construction of a traditional restaurant
– Construction of sports grounds
– Construction of bazaar for making and selling crafts
– Tourism-driven road construction
Shahzadeh Garden is one of the nine gardens in Iran that have been registered in UNESCO. The garden`s information has been translated into thirty-five languages and placed in a tourism map of this organization. It is one of the most aesthetic looking terraced gardens of Iran that is the combination of true beauty and Iranian originality that paints a picture of the Garden of Eden with the harmony of the fountains, garden, and architecture. The buildings are utterly beautiful and the architecture is the just pure genius that distinguishes it from other Iranian gardens. The view of fountains that flow from upper ends towards lower ends caresses your eyes, these fountains don`t have a source of energy and work only with the slope of the garden. Shahzadeh garden is an example of Iranian gardens that take advantage of suitable natural conditions. This garden was built originally for Mohammad Hassankhan. Shazdeh Garden is 5.5 hectares with a rectangular shape and a wall around it. It consists of an entrance structure and gate at the lower end and a two-floor residential structure at the upper end. The distance between these two is ornamented with water fountains that are engined by the natural incline of the land.
Desert Lut, the central Lut is the vast part in the Lut desert that contains the lowest part of the desert. There are several Kaluts in this region that are extended from the center Lut to the west. They are the most beautiful natural phenomena. They are unique and can’t be found in any desert of the world.
Hezar Mountain, It is one of the destinations of hikers in Kerman and Iran. the 4th high peak among Iran mountain peaks. Snow covers the entire mountain in winter and the upper parts of the other seasons. Damavand has a narrow summit crater usually covered with snow-cap and cloud. There are many professional mountain climbing groups in Kerman that offer winter mountaineering guided tours both as private plans or within a group departure tours. they support you with their professional team in serious winter condition of Hezar to give you a chance to experience a challenging but safe adventure. Kerman is considered a favorite place by many nature lovers in Iran. It has mountains, canyons, desert and green landscapes all in one province. With 4 seasons weather around this province, many rivers run through the villages around Kerman city, make it a special place for people camping, hiking, trekking in nature. many well-known mountains among hikers such as Jupar, Hezar, Lalezar, Palvar and kuh-e shah.
Rage Canyon, there is unique Natural Phenomenon in Kerman such as kaluts and also Rage Canyon. The Rageh canyon is one of the unique and beautiful natural phenomena of Rafsanjan County. This valley is created by Guivdary River, its floods and soil erosion of it during several thousand years. This valley was unknown till some a few years ago. Some features of the valley are sharp conical peaks, blades and strip-wise walls.Rageh valley is about 20 km in length which contains beautiful shapes which made by several thousand years of erosion. Around Kerman city, with driving 30 to 60 minutes, you will reach wonderful Mountainous countryside’s, with rivers and waterfalls in mountains valley, with many fruit trees. In spring and summer these several close Mountainous countrysides, near Kerman, people enjoy their weekends in nature. It is excellent for eco tours and nature lovers will enjoy the views and activities.
Meymand is a UNESCO world heritage site and was awarded UNESCO’s 2005 Melina Mercouri prize. Meymand (also spelled as Meimand) is a village of troglodytes – cave dwellers – located in the south-eastern Iranian province of Kerman. Meymand (Maymand, Maimand) village has been continuously inhabited for 2,000 to 3,000 years making it one of Iran’s four oldest surviving villages. Some claim that Meymand / Meimand village has been inhabited for 12,000 years, that is, since the “middle stone ages”, making it a Mesolithic village. Reportedly, 10,000-year-old stone engravings and 6,000-year-old pottery have been discovered at the site.
Bam Citadel is the largest adobe building in the world, located in Bam near the city of Kerman. This great historical treasure that has been registered in national heritages of Unesco dates back to two thousand years ago, It was built in the fifth century (BC) and was still used until 1850 AD. Bam Citadel that used to be in the path of Silk-road is one of the tourist attractions of Kerman. This marvelous piece of art is surrounded by a big system of ancient buildings, it is six square kilometers and placed on the top of a hill with the height of sixty-one meters, it includes the old city and the castle which was near six acres, there are gardens, houses, and farmlands at the three sides of the castle and from north it faced the lake. The building is a great stronghold and Citadel is placed at the heart of it, but due to the stunning appearance of this fortress, the whole establishment is called Bam Citadel.
Rayen castle or Arg-e Rayen is an adobe castle in Rayen town in Kerman, you can visit the medieval mud-brick city of Rayen is similar to the Arg-e Bam. Rayen displays all the architectural elements of a deserted citadel. It appears extremely well preserved, considering the numerous natural disasters that have been destroying similar structures nearby, and it is one of the most interesting historical sites in Iran.The fortress at Rayen is similar in outlook and construction to the fortress at Bam, while been younger in age. It is thought to be a Sassanian era (224 CE – 649 CE) fortress. Like Bam, Rayen fortress was in use until about 150 years ago. Rayen Citadel is a historical site situated in the southwest of Rayen city and is considered the biggest earthen structure of Kerman province after Bam Citadel which was destroyed in an earthquake on 2003. The monument dates back to the Sassanid era and covers a 20,000-square-meter area, remaining a symbol of the residential fortresses during the ancient times. Just like other fortresses, it consists of the public quarter and the aristocratic zone. The essential sectors such as Zoor khaneh (gymnasium for a traditional Persian sport), mosque, and stable can be seen in the citadel. Adobe is the main material used in its construction.
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