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Kashan

Kashan, located at an altitude of 1,600 m. above sea level, is one of the main cities of Isfahan province. It is 240 km. to the south of Tehran and 220 km. to the north of Isfahan and can be reached via a first-class highway, national road, or railway from Tehran and Isfahan. 

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Kashan is a beautiful large oasis town on the western edge of the Great Desert Kavir.Kashan is poor in flora and fauna. The most typical plants are bushes and shrubs spreading over the steppes, but the landscape becomes richer with increased elevation.

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Best time to go

Spring when the annual Rose and Rosewater Festival is held, apart from that the another season is autumn that you can enjoy and explore the desert.

UNESCO sites

The Persian Garden: Fin Garden

ATTRACTIONS

Fin Garden or Bagh­e Fin, the origins of the garden may be anterior to the Safavid period. The settlements of the garden in its present form was built under the reign of Abbas I of Persia (1571­1629), as a traditional garden near the village of Fin, located a few miles southwest of Kashan. The garden was developed further during the Safavid dynasty, until Abbas II of Persia (1633­1666). It was highly recognized during the reign of Fat′h Ali Shah Qajar and was considerably expanded. The garden covers 2.3 hectares with the main yard surrounded by ramparts with four circular towers. In keeping with many of the Persian gardens of this era, the Fin Garden employs a great many water features. These were fed from a spring on a hillside behind the garden, and the water pressure was such that a large number of circulating pools and fountains could be constructed without the need for mechanical pumps.
 UNESCO site

Finn Historic bath

located in Kashan Finn garden which is famous because of Amirkabir Gajar’s Nasir din Shah chancellor murder. Bath water warms with tone, tone placed in the middle of the treasury (reservoir) and lights up firewood under tone. On the tone in reservoir floor there is a copper sheet which when this copper foil warmed up, it heated reservoir water to 40 degrees, bathroom space warm up with channels which built under bath floor and connected to the tone. Tone smoke directed with this section to the ceiling. Bathroom lighting was provided through the holes in the roof which these holes have Majdi glasses that have two properties: 1.light up twice even in cloudy days and 2. The view from bath top roof was disrupted. Finn garden complex established in UNESCO world heritage in 1382.

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Sulaimanieh Fountain

Is most important feature of Kashan’s fin garden is its unique water source supply system. Garden water supplies from a fountain with seven thousand year antiquity which called Sulaimanieh. Sulaimanieh fountain located on the south west side of historical fin garden and has a 6 km distance to city center and in fact counted one of the subterranean canals. Fountain water because of its salts not proper for drinking. But because of its special quality like pureness, cleanness and unique luminosity and stable and unchangeable quality of it, always has been famous. One of the specification is its quantity which not depend on annual raining and water flowing is constant and about 360 liters in second, and next specification of water is its temp which is constant during the year to 25 degrees. Sulaimanieh fountain water after crossing cricks and fin garden turquoise fountain filled Kashan’s gate plains.

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sialk Hill is a 5,000 years old place where remains of the Tepe Sialk ziggurat. It is the common name for the remains of a large ziggurat built by the Sialk people some 5,000 years ago. You can easily access it from the heart of the city, though you’ll need special permission to see the unearthed artifacts (locals recommend bribing the officials, though that’s probably not the best idea as a westerner). Sialk Hill was one of the oldest human settlements and temples of prehistoric humans in Iran. In fact ziggurat or the place of worship of the ancient tribes and is the first place where urbanization formed by Aryans. It is made of clay and earthenware. The monument has got two cemeteries. One of the cemeteries is a cemetery that dates back 3,500 years, and the other one is cemetery which dates back 3,000 years.

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This monument was not detected until 1931 and it was known as a cursed city among the people of Kashan. Human skeleton and old dishes which had been lied in ruins around the monument are found and they are preserved in the Louvre Museum, Iran National Museum, Fin Garden Museum and a museum near this ancient monument. The Bones remains of cattle and sheep in ruins reflect timing and raising these animals by the people of this area. Explorers have found some clayey and rocky spindles that manifest their familiarity with this industry. Sialk people colored the body of dead people with a special mud called “Okhra” and sometimes buried valuable objects with the dead.

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Agha Bozorg Mosque, this beautiful mosque is often called one of the best examples of 19th century Iranian Qajari architecture.

MUSEUMS

National Museum of Fin garden had been built on ruins of Nezam ol Molk house. Area of this building is 300 square meters. Collections presented in this museum are as old as 400 AD till contemporary era.

Visiting Hours: 9-19
Address: Kashan, Fin garden

Puppet and Toy Museum, in this feature, we visit a toy museum in Kashan, where we get the chance to see a variety of toys from decades ago and also from different parts of the country.

Visiting Hours: 9-17
Address: Alavi St. Kashan, Esfahan

Yazdanpanah Restaurant

In the heart of Qom near IKA airport in Historical House of Yazdanpanah, you can try the real taste of Persian food, traditional lamb, beef and chicken kebab, Lamb shank stew (Dizi) and lots of sides and appetizers are waiting for you.
Our head chef lives by a very simple philosophy: local, fresh, seasonal and traditional. Here comes the real traditional Persian cuisine. Traditional Iranian Food and drinks are available all days. At lunchtime and during the evening and night you can enjoy a choice of Full English Menu prepared for you in the Restaurant. We offer a superb selection of local juice, cereals, and yogurts. The historical structure Yazdanpanah House dates back to the Qajar and first Pahlavi periods. We are fortunate that the 19-century building, complete with original beams and contemporary touches boasts fabulous dining spaces including the bright and airy historical and cozy areas. Yazdanpanah House provides beautiful old rooms for everyone who want to experience traditional Persian cuisine and culture.

Abbasi Traditional Restaurant

Located in the Abbasi Historical House, this traditional restaurant serves a variety of Persian dishes and kebabs. Meals are served on carpeted sitting platforms.

Type: Traditional Persian
Address: Alavi St., Abbasi Historical House

Manouchehri Traditional Restaurant

Located in the Manouchehri Historical House, this traditional restaurant serves a variety of Persian dishes and kebabs. Meals are served on carpeted sitting platforms.

Type: Traditional Persian
Address: Kamal-al Molk Sq., Motasham Kashani St., Manouchehri Historical House

Matin Abad Desert Camp & Organic Farm, It is located 60 km from the city of Kashan one of the tourist attractions in central Iran. Martin Abad Desert Camp & Organic Farm founded in 2008 by a group of naturalists and tourism experts. The aim is to offer visitors unforgettable adventures as close to nature as possible. With treks on a camel or on foot, accompanied by high experienced naturalists, bike rides through landscapes of sand dunes and mountain gorges, desert walks at night unbelievable star-lit skies.
Our modern camp is situated on the border between the desert and the steppe and it is located 45 Km southeast of Kashan one of the main attractions of central Iran. The Martin Abad region remains a site of unparalleled beauty. The desert plains constantly change colors from rich green to pastel oceans of swaying grass and desert shrubs and trees. Silver in the rising sun and golden at dusk. The sandy roads leading to the camp and the adventure area are all in good condition. We park the vehicles in the village, 1.5 km from the camp and we stroll amongst the desert trees to the camp. Lorries are available for those who want to experience the traditional way of transportation in the region. Luggage will be carried to the camp by attendants.

Entertainment Activities

Here at Matinabad desert Eco-resort, you can enjoy nature the way it is intended. Walking in the vast and mysterious desert sprawling under the blue sky is absolutely relaxing. Also exploring the organic farm or the farm animals can be calming and fun as well.

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Camel Riding

Right now we have 27 lovely camels at the resort and all of them are very calm and patient. We must say that a couple of them are famous camels because of the roles they’ve played in movies and TV shows. We have named our camels with cute names such as Snowy, Grey, Deer, Goli, and Hana. Camel riding is one of the loveliest activities in nature. Sitting high on the camel makes you will feel closer to the sun and the sky.

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Biking

Riding a bicycle on the sand is another fun activity in the desert. There is a long track that goes in between the Tagh trees and passes the dunes and takes you deeper in the infinite beauty of the desert. Cycling, especially during the sunset with the gorgeous orange and purple sky and the cool breeze caressing your face, is priceless.

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Observing Stars

Observing the stunning night sky with millions of stars, planets, and galaxies with a telescope is a fascinating experience. We have astronomers in a site that will help you to see all the amazing planets in the sky and will teach a lot about them.

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Organic Farms

Because of the climatic conditions in the region, we are privileged to be able to farm a variety of fruits and vegetables in all seasons, without the use of chemical pesticides. We grow pomegranate, pistachio, watermelon, pumpkins, pepper, eggplants, tomato, and saffron.

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Camel Breeding Farm

Our camel breeding farm is at the same location and we train younger camels for riding and being friendly with people.

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Ostrich Farm

Right now we have six adult ostriches in an area of 3000 sq. meter and we are going to expand the size of our flock because ostriches are amazing birds with so many good products. For example, ostrich meat is the healthiest alternative to all traditional meats. It is classified as a “red meat” similar in color and taste to beef, but it has lower fat, calories, and cholesterol than beef, chicken, turkey, pork, and fish.

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Farm Birds

Our hens, roosters, turkeys, pigeons and a couple of rabbits live a peaceful life in a big nest next to the camels.Horse breeding farm

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Breeding Horses

Recently we have started breeding horses, in a very small number, which has been successful and they can adapt to the climate fast and easy. We intend to grow the number of our horses and also have a horse riding field for our guest.

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MOUTEH Wild Life Refuge is considered the best habitat for the Persian Gazelle. There are several different animal and bird species in Mouteh including wild sheep, leopard, wild goat, flamingo, and crane. There are over 300 plant species in this wild life refuge some of which have medicinal value.

The Maranjab Desert near the historic city of Kashan is where amateur astronomers congregate and camp to gaze at the stars. It is an exciting astrophotography destination and a perfect place for walking on the moving sand hills and exploring sand patterns. Maranjab is also a great place for adventure sports and dune bashing is a popular activity there.

Rose Water Distillation Ceremony & Golab Giri, Ordibehesht, coincident May and June, an annual festival of Rose and Rose Water is being held in Kashan, Iran. This is the time for picking up the Mohammadi roses to obtain rose water out of them. The season for picking rose and preparing rose water is from 21 April to 21 May. In early May, the scent of rose spreads over different areas of Kashan, such as Qamsar Joshqan Qali, Barzak, and Niasar. The ceremony for making rose water in Kashan attracts many tourists. Every day, about 80,000 people from various cities come to Kashan for this traditional ceremony. The arrival of tourists in the districts of Kashan has a positive impact on the region’s economy.

canyingzolomatkashan

Zolomat Canyon which is made because of water and wind erosion. Canyoning is an activity which is using a variety of techniques that may include other outdoor activities such as walking, scrambling, climbing, jumping, abseiling (rappelling), and swimming. The strait has a length of about 2kilometers and north south direction. This strait is made out at the end of the way that descended from highness of kavir (desert) national park. The height of rims is shorter on the north side and their highness accelerates toward the south in a way that can be seen about 30 meters in some parts.

Niasar Village is located 28 kilometers west of Kashan city, Isfahan province. The green village of Niasar, located at the center of a desert region, has an enchanting landscape. In January and February, blossoms of almond trees add to the beauty of the village. The fire temple is 14 x 14-meter building which contains a chamber. There are no walls on the four sides of the chamber. The fire temple has been made of stones bonded with mortar. The stones used in the lower part of the building are normal and those used in the arches and upper parts are square shaped, looking like big bricks. The lower parts of the building have been coated with plaster in recent years. All walls surrounding the fire temple have been decorated with stucco. 

The Niasar cave (called Reis Cave by locals)

 It is thoroughly man­made, except for one or two natural chambers near the entrance openings. The cave is believed to be a Mitra temple (Mitra was ancient Persian religion). Its first cut possibly dates back to the Partian (Arsacid) era, 248 BCE – 224 CE. Most Mitra temples like the Niasar cave have been built in full darkness. This cave has other entrance openings, some of which are located inside a rock which separates the upper parts of Niasar from the lower neighborhoods. Fresh air Current circulates throughout the cave. In order to walk in most passages, corridors and even in small chambers of the cave, one has to creep and crawl. Even in some parts, the path is so narrow that it is not possible for one to pass through without stopping.
This cave has been dug out with the help of primitive implements and resembles a meandering stony tunnel in the breast of the Karkas Mountains. The same comprises of long and narrow passages, several chambers and wells. It is well worth mentioning that appropriate gear is required to gain access to this vicinity. The Niyasar Cave is on three floors and has a number of wells.

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Niasar Waterfall

Few meters down to the Niasar fire temple there is a clean and cool spring which flows through the village. The spring is called Skandar and it is considered as the most known earliest springs. It is 1680 meters above sea level. There are flowing waters beside many other fire temples that are the sign of worship of Anahita, goddess of fertility and it is associated with water. There are two millstones at the bottom of the waterfall. Niasar waterfall is the spectacular place in this area. This waterfall is located at the beginning of the historical part of the city and its slopes are covered with beautiful and lush vegetation. In the surrounding area of waterfall trees such as willows, elms, juniper, ash, Berries, fig, and vine have grown. In past, local doctors used the dust of stones below the waterways as healing for wounds.

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niasarkashan
abyaneh

Abyaneh village is like a living architectural and anthropological museum. As a village of great antiquity, It presents an impressive model of the man adaptation to the environment. Abyaneh is a village in Barzrud Rural District, located on foot of Karkass (Vulture) mountain, 70 km to the southeast of Kashan and 40 km to Natanz, Isfahan Province. At the 2006 census, its population was 305, in 160 families. Characterized by a peculiar reddish hue, the village is one of the oldest in Iran, attracting numerous native and foreign tourists year-round, especially during traditional feasts and ceremonies.

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This Village is one of the Iranian historical villages that contain some works from Sassanid period to the present time. It owns several unequal attributions just like the unique temple of “Herpak”, a Chief mosque with a unique mihrab from Seljuk period, houses harmoniously with climate and mountainous land. One can see Sassanid Pahlavic words in daily conversation as well as villagers’ clothing that is rooted in earlier times.
Abyaneh Village is known as the Red Village because of its red soil and houses. The houses of Abyaneh bear an ancient architectural style, featured by the use of clay as the construction material and latticed windows and wooden doors. The village is compact, with narrow and sloped lanes, and houses located on the slope as if placed on a stairway. The roofs of some houses are used to serve as the courtyard for other houses higher up on the slope. Most of the windows of Abyaneh houses have balconies which protrude into the alleyways and decorated with colorful flowers. Abyaneh is mainly watered by the River of Barzrud and has a cold climate. It enjoys numerous springs creating suitable conditions for agriculture. The main agricultural products generated in Abyaneh are wheat, barley, potatoes and fruit such as apples, pears, and apricots. As of late, carpet weaving has also become popular in the Village. Therefore Abyanaki people make a living in this way. An Abyanaki woman typically wears a white long scarf (covering the shoulders and upper trunk) which has a colorful pattern and an under-knee skirt. Abyanaki people have persistently maintained this traditional costume.

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The underground city of Ouyi (Noushabad), in the northern Kashan – Isfahan province – is considered one of the masterpieces of ancient architecture. As Noushabad city is located in the region of central desert of Iran, its weather is quite harsh. During the day Noushabad has a very hot temperature and during the nights it gets pretty cold. The reason why this city is called Noushabad (meaning the city of cold tasty water) is that in the ancient times one of the Sassanian kings who was passing through this area stopped here to drink water from a well and he found this water extremely clear and cold. Therefore he ordered to build a city around this well and name it Anoushabad which eventually turned into Noushabad.

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Ancient underground city of Ouyi (Nushabad), in the northern Kashan, is considered as one of the masterpieces of ancient architecture. Although Ouyi was only discovered in 2004, archeologists believe the structure of the city dates back 1500 years to the pre-Islamic Sassanid era. The main reason the underground city of Nushabad was carved stemmed from the fact that in the past this region was quite insecure and by forming an underground chain of passages beneath the entire city, the inhabitants would shelter there in the time of being attacked. And also through these passages, they could reach any spot of the city without being seen.
The depth of this underground city varies from 4 to 18 meters and the different spaces formed by carving the rocks seem a little scary! To reach the underground city there were several different openings. Some of these openings were located inside the houses of people and some others were located in important gathering places such as the main fort just outside the city. People could live in the underground passages and rooms for several days without the need of going outside.

There are three levels in this underground city and these levels were cleverly planned in a way that going to the different levels required moving from down to up. This made it easier for the people sheltering in the underground city to prevent enemies from getting to the upper levels. Another interesting feature of their architecture was the curvy passages that made it possible for the inhabitants to ambush enemies. Furthermore, there were several other tricks that were used to resist against the enemies, for instance digging deep holes in the middle of the rooms and covering it with rotating stones that would fall down if anyone stepped on them.

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golabgiri

Qamsar Village, the existence of mountains has made a proper support for the Qamsar landscapes and inside the town, a beautifully unique environment in terms of town construction. Qamsar is a village in central Iran Located about 31 kilometers south of Kashan. The town of Qamsar is most famous for its roses, rose water and rose perfume. Qamsar, together with three other smaller towns of Niasar and Barzook in the Esfahan province, are the main producers of rose water in Iran for well over 800 years. Moreover, From the 13th century and possibly considerably earlier, cobalt was mined near Qamsar. It is possible that the cobalt ore was also exported to China.

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Every year during the second half of May, visitors from all over Iran flock to Kashan and the towns of Qamsar and Niasar to witness the rose water extraction festival. This unique tradition, peculiar only to Kashan and the surrounding towns, particularly Qamsar, usually begins with the flower picking ceremony just before dawn. Although many modern mechanized factories have been built, a large part of rose water production in Qamsar is still carried out traditionally in homes and gardens. This clearly indicates the uniqueness of the festival centered mainly on its cultural, artistic and social aspects.
Qamar’s Rosewater is made from a special rose called “damask rose.” It has a very distinctive flavor and is used heavily in Iranian cuisine and sweets. At times, it is also mainly used as a perfume, both in joyous and mourning occasions. According to the local, there are three different qualities of rose water produced; all depends on the freshness of the flowers. The first extraction is usually of high quality and is much in demand by international and national cosmetic companies. The other two are used for culinary and other purposes. The world famous Rosewater of Qamsar-e Kashan is already globally renowned, especially among Muslims because the holy Ka’ba in Mecca is washed with this water during the annual Haj pilgrimage. And the high-quality essential oil from Qamsar’s “damask rose” is also exported to countries such as France and Bulgaria for their perfume-making industries.

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Maranjab Caravansary, another popular sight in Aran o Bidgol is the Maranjab Caravansary, a400-year-old caravansary (an inn for caravans) that was an important stop along the Silk Road.

maranjabcaravansara

Kashan International Airport

is a new airport serving the city of Kashan, Iran. The airport is named in honor of Shahid Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan. The airport currently has one terminal which is for domestic flights. There is only one destination from Kashan to Mashhad.

Airlines & Destinations

AirlinesDestinationsTerminal
KashanMashhadDomestic
MashhadKashanDomestic
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